War in Peace

War in Peace Author : Robert Gerwarth
Release : 2013-10-03
Publisher : Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN : 019968605X
File Size : 43.36 MB
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The First World War did not end in November 1918. In Russia and Eastern Europe it finished up to a year earlier, and both there and elsewhere in Europe it triggered conflicts that lasted down to 1923. Paramilitary formations were prominent in this continuation of the war. They had some features of formal military organizations, but were used in opposition to the regular military as an instrument of revolution or as an adjunct or substitute for military forces when these were unable by themselves to put down a revolution (whether class or national). Paramilitary violence thus arose in different contexts. It was an important aspect of the violence unleashed by class revolution in Russia. It structured the counter-revolution in central and Eastern Europe, including Finland and Italy, which reacted against a mythic version of Bolshevik class violence in the name of order and authority. It also shaped the struggles over borders and ethnicity in the new states that replaced the multi-national empires of Russia, Austria-Hungary and Ottoman Turkey. It was prominent on all sides in the wars for Irish independence. In many cases, paramilitary violence was charged with political significance and acquired a long-lasting symbolism and influence. War in Peace explores the differences and similarities between these various kinds of paramilitary violence within one volume for the first time. It thereby contributes to our understanding of the difficult transitions from war to peace. It also helps to re-situate the Great War in a longer-term context and to explain its enduring impact.

War, Peace and Progress in the 21st Century

War, Peace and Progress in the 21st Century Author : Mark T. Berger
Release : 2013-09-13
Publisher : Routledge
ISBN : 1317983424
File Size : 35.84 MB
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The history of development is one marked by insecurities, violence, and persistent conflict. It is not surprising, therefore, that development is now thought of as one of the central challenges of world politics. However, its complexities are often overlooked in scholarly analysis and among policy practitioners, who tend to adopt a technocratic approach to the crisis of development and violence. This book brings together a wide range of contributions aimed at investigating different aspects of the history of development and violence, and its implications for contemporary efforts to consolidate the development-security nexus. From environmental concerns, through vigilante citizenship, to the legacies of armed conflicts during and after decolonization, the different chapters reconstruct the contradictory history of development and critically engage contemporary responses and their implications for social and political analyses. In examining violence and insecurity in relation to core organising principles of world politics the contributors engage the problems associated with the nation state and the inter-state system and underlying assumptions of the promises of progress. The book offers a range of perspectives on the contradictions of development, and on how domination, violence and resistance have been conceived. At the same time it exemplifies the relevance of alternative methodological and conceptual approaches to contemporary challenges of development. This book was published as a special issue of Third World Quarterly.

Conflict, War, and Peace

Conflict, War, and Peace Author : Sara McLaughlin Mitchell
Release : 2013-08-16
Publisher : CQ Press
ISBN : 1483322106
File Size : 71.86 MB
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Introducing students to the scientific study of peace and war, Conflict, War, and Peace: An Introduction to Scientific Research, edited by Sara McLaughlin Mitchell and John A. Vasquez, provides an overview of current scholarship in this dynamic area of study. Focusing on the factors that shape relationships between countries and that make war or peace more likely, this collection of articles by top scholars explores such key topics as dangerous dyads, alliances, territorial disputes, rivalry, arms races, democracy peace, trade, international organizations, territorial peace, and nuclear weapons. Each article is followed by the editors’ commentary: a “Major Contributions” section highlights the article’s theoretical advances and relates each study to the broader literature, while a “Methodological Notes” section carefully walks students through the techniques used in the analysis. Methodological topics include research design, percentages, probabilities, odds ratios, statistical significance, levels of analysis, selection bias, logic, duration models, and game theory models.

Cult of Violence

Cult of Violence Author :
Release : 1932*
Publisher :
ISBN :
File Size : 54.75 MB
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Call to revolution in India.

Gender Violence in Peace and War

Gender Violence in Peace and War Author : Victoria Sanford
Release : 2016-09-16
Publisher : Rutgers University Press
ISBN : 0813576202
File Size : 77.46 MB
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Reports from war zones often note the obscene victimization of women, who are frequently raped, tortured, beaten, and pressed into sexual servitude. Yet this reign of terror against women not only occurs during exceptional moments of social collapse, but during peacetime too. As this powerful book argues, violence against women should be understood as a systemic problem—one for which the state must be held accountable. The twelve essays in Gender Violence in Peace and War present a continuum of cases where the state enables violence against women—from state-sponsored torture to lax prosecution of sexual assault. Some contributors uncover buried histories of state violence against women throughout the twentieth century, in locations as diverse as Ireland, Indonesia, and Guatemala. Others spotlight ongoing struggles to define the state’s role in preventing gendered violence, from domestic abuse policies in the Russian Federation to anti-trafficking laws in the United States. Bringing together cutting-edge research from political science, history, gender studies, anthropology, and legal studies, this collection offers a comparative analysis of how the state facilitates, legitimates, and perpetuates gender violence worldwide. The contributors also offer vital insights into how states might adequately protect women’s rights in peacetime, as well as how to intervene when a state declares war on its female citizens.

Violent Societies

Violent Societies Author : C. Steenkamp
Release : 2014-10-15
Publisher : Springer
ISBN : 113729065X
File Size : 31.72 MB
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This book investigates the relationships between political violence, social violence and economic violence using examples from South Africa, Northern Ireland, Lebanon and Syria. It examines the cultural impact of war and argues that a culture of violence can explain the high levels of violence which are frequently found in post-war societies.

War and Peace

War and Peace Author : Bryan S. Turner
Release : 2014-11-01
Publisher : Anthem Press
ISBN : 1783083301
File Size : 82.23 MB
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Reflections on Leo Tolstoy’s “War and Peace,” these original essays examine various facets of violence and human efforts to create peace. Religion is deeply involved in both processes: ones that produce violence and ones that seek to create harmony. In the war on terror, radical religion is often seen to be a major cause of inter-group violence. However, these essays show a much more complex picture in which religion is often on the receiving end of conflict that has its origin in the actions of the state in response to tensions between majorities and minorities. As this volume demonstrates, the more public religion becomes, the more likely it is to be imbricated in communal strife.

Sexual Violence during War and Peace

Sexual Violence during War and Peace Author : J. Boesten
Release : 2014-04-16
Publisher : Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN : 9781349480548
File Size : 88.40 MB
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Using the Peruvian internal armed conflict as a case study, this book examines wartime rape and how it reproduces and reinforces existing hierarchies. Jelke Boesten argues that effective responses to sexual violence in wartime are conditional upon profound changes in legal frameworks and practices, institutions, and society at large.

The War Scroll, Violence, War and Peace in the Dead Sea Scrolls and Related Literature

The War Scroll, Violence, War and Peace in the Dead Sea Scrolls and Related Literature Author : Kipp Davis
Release : 2015-11-16
Publisher : BRILL
ISBN : 9004301631
File Size : 25.48 MB
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This volume of collected essays reflects on various aspects of language, text, and interpretations of war and peace in the Dead Sea Scrolls and other Second Temple Jewish literature, with special close attention set on the Qumran War Scroll.

Peace, Culture, and Violence

Peace, Culture, and Violence Author : Fuat Gursozlu
Release : 2018-03-15
Publisher : BRILL
ISBN : 900436191X
File Size : 49.55 MB
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Peace, Culture, and Violence is a collection of essays that examine the forms of violence that permeate everyday life and explore sources of non-violence by considering topics such as thug culture, language, hegemony, police violence, war, terrorism, gender, and anti-Semitism.

Reflection on Violence War and Peace

Reflection on Violence War and Peace Author : Teferi Fantahun
Release : 2017-12-23
Publisher : Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
ISBN : 9781977882073
File Size : 60.80 MB
Format : PDF
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Reflection on Violence, War, and Peace: A New and Early Approach to Violence Prevention is a reflection on human conditions and our relationships with each other and with the natural world. In this book, you will discover: -How Genes, evolution, and the environment interact with each other to determine how we perceive and react to threats. -Why people are willing to trade their individual freedom and liberty for safety and security. -Why some young westernized Muslims are attracted to Isis. -How individuals, groups, and institutions exploit fear. -How advances in communication technology and the Internet are increasing cross-cultural interaction to unknown end. -How your brain determines who you are and how it constructs a reality for you. -How important it is to expose your child to divers life-enhancing skills and experiences during childhood. -Ideas as to how human violent behavior and war can be prevented, and cooperation, creativity, and coexistence can be enhanced.

The War Scroll, Violence, War and Peace in the Dead Sea Scrolls and Related Literature

The War Scroll, Violence, War and Peace in the Dead Sea Scrolls and Related Literature Author : Kipp Davis
Release : 2015-10
Publisher : Brill Academic Publishers
ISBN : 9789004271142
File Size : 55.54 MB
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This volume of collected essays reflects on various aspects of language, text, and interpretations of war and peace in the Dead Sea Scrolls and other Second Temple Jewish literature, with special close attention set on the Qumran "War Scroll."

War for Peace

War for Peace Author : Murad Idris
Release : 2018-11-01
Publisher : Oxford University Press
ISBN : 0190658029
File Size : 23.71 MB
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Peace is a universal ideal, but its political life is a great paradox: "peace" is the opposite of war, but it also enables war. If peace is the elimination of war, then what does it mean to wage war for the sake of peace? What does peace mean when some say that they are committed to it but that their enemies do not value it? Why is it that associating peace with other ideals, like justice, friendship, security, and law, does little to distance peace from war? Although political theory has dealt extensively with most major concepts that today define "the political" it has paid relatively scant critical attention to peace, the very concept that is often said to be the major aim and ideal of humanity. In War for Peace, Murad Idris looks at the ways that peace has been treated across the writings of ten thinkers from ancient and modern political thought, from Plato to Immanuel Kant and Sayyid Qutb, to produce an original and striking account of what peace means and how it works. Idris argues that peace is parasitical in that the addition of other ideals into peace, such as law, security, and friendship, reduces it to consensus and actually facilitates war; it is provincial in that its universalized content reflects particularistic desires and fears, constructions of difference, and hierarchies within humanity; and it is polemical, in that its idealization is not only the product of antagonisms, but also enables hostility. War for Peace uncovers the basis of peace's moralities and the political functions of its idealizations, historically and into the present. This bold and ambitious book confronts readers with the impurity of peace as an ideal, and the pressing need to think beyond universal peace.

Sexual Violence during War and Peace

Sexual Violence during War and Peace Author : J. Boesten
Release : 2014-04-16
Publisher : Springer
ISBN : 1137383453
File Size : 59.15 MB
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Using the Peruvian internal armed conflict as a case study, this book examines wartime rape and how it reproduces and reinforces existing hierarchies. Jelke Boesten argues that effective responses to sexual violence in wartime are conditional upon profound changes in legal frameworks and practices, institutions, and society at large.

Demanding Peace

Demanding Peace Author : Anthony Ernest Harvey
Release : 1999
Publisher : SCM Press
ISBN :
File Size : 30.18 MB
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The traditional debate between pacifist and non-pacifist Christian needs to be re-opened in the light of new conditions of warfare and peacekeeping. The massive destructiveness of modern weapons, the emergence of international institutions dedicated to the peaceful settlement of disputes, the common will to enforce human rights and the success of mass 'non-violent action' in many parts of the world are factors which compel a fresh look at the old arguments. This book is the fruit of two years of discussion between Christians holding a wide variety of views and responsibilities. The contribution both of the Bible and of Just War thinking is critically assessed, the present predicament posed by war to the Christian conscience is honestly faced, and the whole argument is set in the context of the biblical vision of the supremely valuable but intensely demanding gift of peace.