Many new pieces of technology can be beneficial to individuals living with dementia, including both hardware and software. This straightforward guide summarises the current research on this growing topic, and gives practical advice on how available technology can be used to improve the everyday lives of people with dementia. Looking at a range of available products, such as off-the-shelf computers and smartphones, to dementia specific applications and programs, it also addresses some common obstacles and barriers faced when introducing technology in dementia care. The past twenty years have seen an array of technologies developed to improve the day-to-day lives of people with dementia; this guide shows how they can be effectively used.
The process of dementia makes the experience of day-to-day living an acute challenge. This could be mediated with educated and timely inputs and the caring contract negotiated to preserve both dignity and quality of life. The premise of the adaptive response model is that armed with the knowledge of human systems and their ability to adapt and adjust and with a firm application and emphasis on person-centred approaches to dementia care then the experience can be enhanced and living with one of the dementias can be made less traumatic. This holistic approach proposes a method of using environmental and social psychology to maximise function in the individual and to minimise the negative and destructive elements of the perceived and real environment.
Abstract: As technology becomes more commonly used for assisting people with dementia and well-being is a field of concern for occupational therapy, there is a need to understand how individuals with dementia are influenced by an access control system in daily life. The aim of this study was to describe the influences of the technology on the occupational life of people with dementia in a specialized care secure unit. The staff members and the unit's inhabitants participated in the study, with 3 persons with dementia being followed more closely. Data were collected through observations and semi-structured interviews, and were analyzed by a comparative method. The detailed results show that conditions were necessary for influences to appear. But when they are present, the study showed that access control technology may be an aid for people with dementia's well-being and increased their opportunities to feel in place in the unit. Overall, the behaviors expressed by persons with dementia in relation to the technology's influences seem to indicate that even in a later stage of the disease, they retain abilities and resources.
Information and communication technologies can provide new paradigms in healthcare provision. In particular, new Pervasive Healthcare technologies can revolutionise the dynamics of healthcare, enabling people to remain at home for longer, at lower costs to health and welfare organisations. This book reveals how pervasive healthcare technologies can be designed in conjunction with users and carers, as well as exploring the application of novel methods and technologies.
The only guide to focus primarily on current molecular methods of diagnosis and early stage evaluation, this reference presents the latest techniques and technologies for dementia identification and evaluation, including neuropathological strategies, neuropsychological tests, biomarkers, CT, MRI, functional MRI, PET, and SPECT. Offering practical care and examination guidelines, each chapter provides findings that are particularly relevant for the assessment of disorders such as Alzheimer's disease, dementia with Lewy bodies, vascular dementia, and fronto-temporal dementia.
The lives of people with disabilities are complex and various, and there are many situations where technology – particularly assistive technology – already makes a real difference. It is clear that smart phone and tablet computer based solutions continue to enhance the independence of many users, but it is also important that more traditional assistive technologies and services are not forgotten or neglected. This book presents the proceedings of the 14th conference of the Association for the Advancement of Assistive Technology in Europe (AAATE 2017) entitled: ‘Harnessing the power of technology to improve lives’, held in Sheffield, UK, in September 2017. This 4-day event about assistive technologies (AT) highlights the association’s interest in innovating not only technology, but also services, and addresses the global challenge of meeting the needs of the increasing number of people who could benefit from assistive technology. The 200+ papers in the book are grouped under 30 subject headings, and include contributions on a wide range of topical subjects, including aging well and dementia; care robotics; eHealth and apps; innovations; universal design; sport; and disordered speech. The breadth of the AAATE conference reflects people’s life needs and so the book is sure to contain something of interest to all those whose work involves the design, development and use of assistive technology, whatever the situation. The photo on the front cover illustrates the breadth of assistive technologies that can improve lives. Photographer: Simon Butler.
Dementia is estimated to currently affect almost 15% of US adults over the age of 70. As the population ages, the prevalence of dementia will increase proportionally. The increase in the number of people with dementia will create a corresponding increase in health services required. Structured activities are extremely important for this population, leading to greater well-being and positive affect during activities and long term benefits such as delayed progression of cognitive impairments. Despite the importance of activities in dementia care, many people with dementia lack opportunities for sustained social interactions and stimulating activities. There is a clear unmet need for stimulating activities that do not place an additional financial or time burden on staff or families. Technology is a promising venue to engage people with dementia in activities. For example, technology can be used to deliver rich multimedia and standardized interventions, increase access to digital archives, engage people in remote care or contact with loved ones, and monitor and log changes. In my dissertation, I examine the ways technology can support older adults with dementia in engaging in activities in a memory care unit. I discuss existing technologies that support this population in engaging in activities, a six month field deployment of an existing technology, and recommendations for technology design that have been validated with experts in the field of gerontology and human computer interaction. My dissertation furthers our understanding of how to design engaging technologies for older adults with dementia in order to promote meaningful participation in recreational and leisure activities.
This book explores international biomedical research and development on the early diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease. It offers timely, multidisciplinary reflections on the social and ethical issues raised by promises of early diagnostics and asks under which conditions emerging diagnostic technologies can be considered a responsible innovation. The initial chapters in this edited volume provide an overview and a critical discussion of recent developments in biomedical research on Alzheimer's disease. Subsequent contributions explore the values at stake in current practices of dealing with Alzheimer's disease and dementia, both within and outside the biomedical domain. Novel diagnostic technologies for Alzheimer's disease emerge in a complex and shifting field, full of controversies. Innovating with care requires a precise mapping of how concepts, values and responsibilities are filled in through the confrontation of practices. In doing so, the volume offers a practice-based approach of responsible innovation that is also applicable to other fields of innovation.
Dementia is increasingly and widely recognised as a serious health and social challenge, in the developed world as well as in the developing world. The need therefore to design and implement dementia care services of high quality is becoming more and more vital, particularly given the likelihood of ever increasing demand in a world, which likely sees resources at best remaining at current levels. Designing and Delivering Dementia Services describes current developments in the design and configuration of dementia services. It offers an informative and detailed overview of what constitutes high quality care, considering the circumstances patients and carers may find themselves in. For dementia to get the priority it deserves, a number of factors are important and the book charts the invaluable contributions of various Alzheimer's Associations and Societies: this provides a focus on dementia strategies and plans at national levels: the book reports on the state of affairs regarding such strategies and provides a unique insight into the process of how one of these was developed and implemented. Recognising the need to prove that service developments lead to a higher quality of care, increased productivity and increased efficiency, the book links the resulting picture to service-based research methodologies, with an emphasis on the strengths and limitations of that research. Contributions from 17 countries on 4 continents give an overview of the state of affairs across the world, paying attention to successful - and less successful - initiatives to improve dementia care. The book furthermore provides pragmatic approaches to ensure planning becomes reality, highlights the need for structured workforce development, education and training and describes the opportunities afforded by assistive technology. This book is of prime informative and practical value given that pressures on dementia services are projected to mount across the world against a backdrop of limited resources and expertise. Designing and Delivering Dementia Services Defines the problems involved in meeting an increasing demand for dementia care services in a poorer world Maps initiatives and developments in the design and configuration of these services in a variety of international settings Analyses these developments against the background of political and health economic circumstances Provides a road map of where health services should go in response to this growing challenge. The first book to define, analyse and map initiatives for dementia care services in a time of increasing demand and decreasing resources, this book is essential reading for commissioners, senior clinicians and service planners in health and social care. It will also be of interest to academic researchers involved in qualitative services research as well as quantitative health economic research, health and social care managers and those involved in workforce planning and development.
The term restraint is used to cover a wide range of activities by means of which an individual's freedom of movement is restricted. Challenging behaviours, organisational cultures and resource pressures all influence the use of restraint. The behaviours or situations that give rise to health and social care staff considering the use of restraint need to be understood, and there should be much greater awareness of therapeutic approaches, which are at the core of health and social care practice. This book has been produced so that the problems surrounding the use of restraints across a range of health and social care settings can be better understood. Ultimately it is hoped that the book will contribute, in some way, to levering improvements in how we understand restraint and practically in the care people receive. It is designed to appeal to a wide readership, including health and social care professionals, researchers, students and lecturers. Chapters assume no specialist knowledge.'This book is a very easy read. The language used is clear, precise and provides the reader with some valuable insights into the way the concept of restraint has affected health and social care over time. Liz Taylor, Independent Consultant in Health and Social Care, in Social Caring Magazine, the official magazine of the Social Care Association, Issue 43.
This book is focused on the Internet of Things (IoT) services and smart environments that can be of assistance to the elderly and individuals living with dementia or some sensory impairment. The book outlines the requirements of the systems that aim to furnish some digital sensory or cognitive assistance to the individuals and their caregivers. Internet of Things and Smart Environments: Assistive Technologies for Disability, Dementia, and Aging covers the important evolutions of the IoT, the sensors, actuators, wireless communication and pervasive computing systems, and other enabling technologies that power up this megatrend infrastructure. The use of the IoT-based systems in improving the conventional assistive technologies and provisions of ambient assisted living are also covered. The book takes an impartial, and yet holistic, view to providing research insights and inspirations for more development works in the areas related to assistive IoT. It will show the potentials of using normally available interactive devices, like smartphones or smart TVs, which can be supplemented with low-cost gadgets or apps to provide assistive capabilities. It aims to accentuate the need for taking a comprehensive and combinatory view of the comprising topics and approaches that are based on the visions and ideas from all stakeholders. The book will examine these points and considerations to conclude with recommendations for future development works and research directions. This book can be of value to a diverse array of audience. The researchers and developers in healthcare and medicine, aged care and disability services, as well as those working in the IoT-related fields, may find many parts of this book useful and stimulating. It can be of great value to postgraduate and research students working in these areas. It can also be adapted for use in upper-level classroom courses relevant to communication and smart technologies, IoT applications, and assistive technologies. Many parts of the book can be of interest to the elderly and individuals living with a disability, as well as their families and caregivers. From an industry perspective, it can be of interest to software, hardware, and particularly app developers working on the IoT applications, smart homes and environments, and assistive technologies for the elderly and people living with disability or dementia.
This updated and expanded second edition of Resilience in Aging offers a comprehensive description of the current state of knowledge with regard to resilience from physiological (including genetic), psychological (including cognitive and creative), cultural, and economic perspectives. In addition, the book considers the impact of resilience on many critical aspects of life for older adults including policy issues, economic, cognitive and physiological challenges, spirituality, chronic illness, and motivation. The only book devoted solely to the importance and development of resilience in quality of life among older adults, Resilience in Aging, 2nd Edition continues to offer evidence-based theory, clinical guidelines, and new and updated case examples and real-world interventions so professional readers can make the best use of this powerful tool. The critical insights in this volume are concluded with a discussion of future directions on optimizing resilience and the importance of a lifespan approach to the critical component of aging. The book’s coverage extends across disciplines and domains, including: Resilience and personality disorders in older age. Cultural and ethnic perspectives on enhancing resilience in aging Sustained by the sacred: religious and spiritual factors for resilience in adulthood and aging. Building resilience in persons with early-stage dementia and their care partners. Interdisciplinary geriatric mental health resilience interventions. Developing resilience in the aged and dementia care workforce. Using technology to enhance resilience among older adults. This wide-ranging and updated lifespan approach gives Resilience in Aging, 2nd Edition particular relevance to the gamut of practitioners in gerontology and geriatrics, including health psychologists, neuropsychologists, clinical psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, geriatricians, family physicians, nurses, occupational and physical therapists, among others.
Identifies the 10 leading problems facing special care units (SCUs) for those with dementia and offers practical suggestions for dealing with each of them, addressing issues such as training, activities, clinical issues, sexuality, family concerns, interior design and renovation of the SCU, and maxi
Based on extensive experience in the field, this book will introduce readers to the principles and practices of Health Information Management through understanding of Health Information Technology and its application today. Topics covered in the book are based on the core competencies defined by AHIMA as well as HIPAA regulations and JACHO recommendations. To prepare for twenty-first century healthcare occupations, the reader needs to understand the connectivity and applications that make up Health Information Systems of today. The book will provide readers with a thorough understanding of both the terminology of Health Information Technology and the practical use of Information Systems in actual medical facilities. Ample illustrations make it easy to visualize workflow scenarios and technical concepts. Photographs of healthcare providers using various HIT systems and medical devices make it easy to see the practical applicability in a medical office.