Understanding Ethnic Violence

Understanding Ethnic Violence Author : Roger D. Petersen
Release : 2002-09-02
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
ISBN : 9780521007740
File Size : 60.47 MB
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Understanding Ethnic Conflict

Understanding Ethnic Conflict Author : Raymond Taras
Release : 2015-08-07
Publisher : Routledge
ISBN : 1317342828
File Size : 77.59 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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Understanding Ethnic Conflict provides all the key concepts needed to understand conflict among ethnic groups. Including approaches from both comparative politics and international relations, this text offers a model of ethnic conflict's internationalization by showing how domestic and international actors influence a country's ethnic and sectarian divisions. Illustrating this model in five original case studies, the unique combination of theory and application in Understanding Ethnic Conflict facilitates more critical analysis of contemporary ethnic conflicts and the world's response to them.

Understanding Ethnic Violence

Understanding Ethnic Violence Author : Sarah-Ann Jenkins
Release : 2013
Publisher :
ISBN :
File Size : 20.85 MB
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The field of ethnic conflict studies is dominated by top-down approaches and elite-centric analyses that emphasise the social construction of group grievances, fears and hatreds, and that highlight the central role played by political entrepreneurs in the manipulation of ethnicity and the organisation of violence. Whilst offering valuable explanations of the macro-context of conflict, existing theories obscure local level agency and oversimplify the nature and dynamics of violence on the ground. The aerial perspective creates the illusion of homogenous ethnic groups waging battle along a clearly defined and stable cleavage line, and it fails to account for localised manipulations of, and individualised resistance to, the macro-ethnic divide. This thesis offers a view of violence from below, complexifying, problematising, and nuancing existing theories through a close-grained, thick descriptive analysis of a particular case. A detailed ethnographic exploration of the localised dimensions of the 2007-2008 post-election crisis in Kenya reveals socio-spatial variations in violence dynamics, as well as localised and individualised contradictions in involvement and participation, that are not easily explained by the dominant perspective. It argues that territories with a clear ethnic majority experienced more intense violence than ethnically mixed spaces, which remained relatively calm and demonstrated greater levels of inter-ethnic cooperation. It further highlights the ambiguities of individual involvement, arguing that local level actors can transcend the meta-narrative of ethnic animosity for a variety of reasons and in a variety of ways. The thesis concludes that cases of ethnic conflict are not marked by singularity and uniformity, but rather by multi-vocality and complexity. They are not coherent and singular conflicts but rather are constituted by multiple locally-ethnicised clashes. Thus, the thesis contributes to the broader project of generating more comprehensive and representative understandings of ethnic violence by exploring the localised proces.

Western Intervention in the Balkans

Western Intervention in the Balkans Author : Roger D. Petersen
Release : 2011-09-30
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
ISBN : 1139503308
File Size : 61.97 MB
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Conflicts involve powerful experiences. The residue of these experiences is captured by the concept and language of emotion. Indiscriminate killing creates fear; targeted violence produces anger and a desire for vengeance; political status reversals spawn resentment; cultural prejudices sustain ethnic contempt. These emotions can become resources for political entrepreneurs. A broad range of Western interventions are based on a view of human nature as narrowly rational. Correspondingly, intervention policy generally aims to alter material incentives ('sticks and carrots') to influence behavior. In response, poorer and weaker actors who wish to block or change this Western implemented 'game' use emotions as resources. This book examines the strategic use of emotion in the conflicts and interventions occurring in the Western Balkans over a twenty-year period. The book concentrates on the conflicts among Albanian and Slavic populations (Kosovo, Montenegro, Macedonia, South Serbia), along with some comparisons to Bosnia.

Ethnic Conflict and Secessionism in South and Southeast Asia

Ethnic Conflict and Secessionism in South and Southeast Asia Author : Rajat Ganguly
Release : 2003-02-24
Publisher : SAGE
ISBN : 9780761996040
File Size : 42.59 MB
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This book seeks to examine secessionist ethics in South and Southeast Asia in a theoretically informed way and from a comparative perspective. Looking in depth at conflicts in such places as East Timor, Kashmir, and Mindanao, this book is the first attempt to study secessionist ethnic conflicts systematically and comparatively in the Asian context.

Ethnic Violence and Peace in Southern Kyrgyzstan

Ethnic Violence and Peace in Southern Kyrgyzstan Author : Joldon Kutmanaliev
Release : 2017
Publisher :
ISBN :
File Size : 87.65 MB
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The paper attempts to explain the following question: "why ethnic violence and riots broke out in some neighborhoods but not in others? It contributes to our understanding of communal violence and ethnic conflict with a novel approach that will widen our perspectives on the relationship between ethnic politics and security studies at local level (micro-spatial scale). While other works try to explain ethnic violence at highly aggregated national or regional levels, this dissertation analyzes the problem at neighborhood scale. To analyze the spatial variation in violence and peace, this research employs the concepts of security dilemma and pact-making that are usually used in international relations and security studies. I would like to show that theoretical insights drawn from international relations and security studies literature can be applicable not only to the analysis of inter-state wars and civil wars but also to the analysis of local dynamics of ethnic violence and interethnic peace at disaggregated spatial scale such as ethnic communities based in one town or in one neighborhood. I compare violent and non-violent neighborhoods in Osh city across different dimensions. The main argument of this research is the following. The spatial variation in violent and non-violent outcomes across towns and villages and urban neighborhoods, districts, and blocks within these towns can be explained to the great extent by the presence and absence of intragroup policing and non- aggression intergroup pacts among village- and neighborhood-scale subgroups of both ethnic communities. In-group policing, a concept advanced by Fearon and Laitin (1996) is a crucial mechanism for understanding ethnic violence and peace in southern Kyrgyzstan. By itself, effective in-group policing - even in the absence of a non-aggression pact with out-group members – increases the likelihood of peaceful outcome or significantly decreases the possibility of intensive violent outbreaks in respective localities. Intracommunal policing is a necessary condition for the efficient intercommunal pacts as strong in-group policing establishes firm discipline and order within community and signals to an out-group about the credible commitment to the terms of a pact. On the other hand, intercommunal pacts reduce uncertainty and lessen fears (McFaul 2002, 217) by re-embedding trust and re-assuring in peaceful intentions between residentially-segregated Uzbek and Kyrgyz communities. However, whether intergroup pacts and in-group policing are successful depends also on several contingent and structural factors and the spatial environment of neighborhoods.

Handbook of Ethnic Conflict

Handbook of Ethnic Conflict Author : Dan Landis
Release : 2012-02-14
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN : 1461404487
File Size : 42.58 MB
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Although group conflict is hardly new, the last decade has seen a proliferation of conflicts engaging intrastate ethnic groups. It is estimated that two-thirds of violent conflicts being fought each year in every part of the globe including North America are ethnic conflicts. Unlike traditional warfare, civilians comprise more than 80 percent of the casualties, and the economic and psychological impact on survivors is often so devastating that some experts believe that ethnic conflict is the most destabilizing force in the post-Cold War world. Although these conflicts also have political, economic, and other causes, the purpose of this volume is to develop a psychological understanding of ethnic warfare. More specifically, Handbook of Ethnopolitical Conflict explores the function of ethnic, religious, and national identities in intergroup conflict. In addition, it features recommendations for policy makers with the intention to reduce or ameliorate the occurrences and consequences of these conflicts worldwide.

Understanding Ethnic Conflict

Understanding Ethnic Conflict Author : Raymond Taras
Release : 2015-08-07
Publisher : Routledge
ISBN : 1317342836
File Size : 88.24 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 697
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Understanding Ethnic Conflict provides all the key concepts needed to understand conflict among ethnic groups. Including approaches from both comparative politics and international relations, this text offers a model of ethnic conflict's internationalization by showing how domestic and international actors influence a country's ethnic and sectarian divisions. Illustrating this model in five original case studies, the unique combination of theory and application in Understanding Ethnic Conflict facilitates more critical analysis of contemporary ethnic conflicts and the world's response to them.

Ethnic Conflict

Ethnic Conflict Author : Rajat Ganguly
Release : 2009-10-02
Publisher : SAGE Publications Limited
ISBN :
File Size : 65.2 MB
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Ethnic conflicts in various scales and forms are a feature of the post-Cold War international landscape from which no region of the world is completely free. In terms of impact, it has been equally devastating for both developed and developing states. Therefore, there has never been a more appropriate time to study ethnic conflict in all its dimensions. This four-volume collection examines the many facets of ethnic conflict including their causes, consequences and resolution.

The Routledge Handbook of Ethnic Conflict

The Routledge Handbook of Ethnic Conflict Author : Karl Cordell
Release : 2016-01-22
Publisher : Routledge
ISBN : 1317518918
File Size : 86.60 MB
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A definitive global survey of the interaction of ethnicity, nationalism and politics, this handbook blends rigorous theoretically grounded analysis with empirically rich illustrations to provide a state-of-the-art overview of the contemporary debates on one of the most pervasive international security challenges today. Fully updated for the second edition, the book includes a new section which offers detailed analyses of contemporary cases of conflict such as in Ukraine, Kosovo, the African Great Lakes region and in the Kurdish areas across the Middle East, thus providing accessible examples that bridge the gap between theory and practice. The contributors offer a 360-degree perspective on ethnic conflict: from the theoretical foundations of nationalism and ethnicity to the causes and consequences of ethnic conflict, and to the various strategies adopted in response to it. Without privileging any specific explanation of why ethnic conflict happens at a particular place and time or why attempts at preventing or settling it might fail or succeed, The Routledge Handbook of Ethnic Conflict enables readers to gain a better insight into such defining moments in post-Cold War international history as the disintegration of the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia, and their respective consequences, the genocide in Rwanda, and the relative success of conflict settlement efforts in Northern Ireland. By contributing to understanding the varied and multiple causes of ethnic conflicts and to learning from the successes and failures of their prevention and settlement, the Handbook makes a powerful case that ethnic conflicts are neither unavoidable nor unresolvable, but rather that they require careful analysis and thoughtful and measured responses.

Ethnic Conflict

Ethnic Conflict Author : Neal G. Jesse
Release : 2010-02-09
Publisher : CQ Press
ISBN : 1483316750
File Size : 78.87 MB
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As ethnic groups clash, the international community faces the challenge of understanding the multiple causes of violence and formulating solutions that will bring about peace. Allowing for greater insight, Jesse and Williams bridge two sub-fields of political science in Ethnic Conflict—international relations and comparative politics. They systematically apply a “levels of analysis” framework, looking at the individual, domestic, and international contexts to better explore and understand its complexity. Five case study chapters apply the book’s framework to disputes around the world and include coverage of Bosnia, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, Northern Ireland, Sri Lanka, and Sudan. Never losing sight of their analytical framework, the authors provide richly detailed case studies that help students understand both the unique and shared causes of each conflict. Students will appreciate the book’s logical presentation and excellent pedagogical features including detailed maps that show political, demographic, and cultural data.

Ethnic Politics and Conflict/Violence

Ethnic Politics and Conflict/Violence Author : Erika Forsberg
Release : 2018-10-18
Publisher : Routledge
ISBN : 1351725289
File Size : 83.49 MB
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Ethnicity is one of the most salient and enduring topics of social science, not least with regard to its potential link to political conflict/violence. Despite, or perhaps because of, the concept’s significant use, all too seldom has the field paused to consider the state of our knowledge. For example, how do we define and conceive of ethnicity within the context of political conflict? What do we really know about the causal determinants of ethnic conflict? What has been the most useful development within this literature, and why? This volume comprises reflections from an international range of prominent political scientists all engaged in the study of ethnicity and conflict/violence. They attempt to synthesize what the field does and does not know with regard to ethnic conflict, as well as draw out the research directions for the immediate future in unique and interesting ways. This book was originally published as a special issue of the journal Ethnopolitics.

Understanding Ethnic Conflict

Understanding Ethnic Conflict Author : Ray Taras
Release : 2006
Publisher : Longman Publishing Group
ISBN :
File Size : 55.10 MB
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The completely updated edition of this groundbreaking text provides students with a clear analytical framework for understanding ethnic conflicts and how they affect international relations. This text surveys theories of nationalism and ethnic conflict and tests their applicability to a number of contemporary cases: the more confident nationalism of Putin's Russia, the intensification of ethnic war in Sri Lanka, and the struggle to change the face of nationalism in the former Yugoslavia, to name just a few. After a look at the sources of nationalist conflict in a country, each case study then asks how the international system reacted. Taken as a whole, the book examines how successful the international system has been in managing the many ethnic conflicts that erupted after the Cold War. This updated edition reflects all recent world events, as well as the latest scholarship in the field.

Collective Identities in Action

Collective Identities in Action Author : Klaus Eder
Release : 2018-09-30
Publisher :
ISBN : 9781138717190
File Size : 76.10 MB
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This title was first published in 2003. Thirty years of sociological and political science enquiry failed to predict the wave of ethnic conflict that swept through Europe in the 1990s, and the continuing ethnic tensions in the developing world. Since then, researchers have been unable to construct coherent explanations of why groups that had previously shared political and economic systems could suddenly find themselves caught in spirals of separatism and group violence. This book analyzes the last decades of political science and sociological enquiry into ethnicity and nationalist politics and lays down a new theoretical basis for understanding the field. The authors accept the challenge of methodological individualism in social science, but criticize existing rational choice paradigms, arguing that we will only understand ethnic conflict through an enquiry into the links between micro and macro phenomena, and in particular by focusing on the conditions under which actors construct and negotiate social identities, including nations and ethnicities. Informed by a comparative overview of all recent ethnic conflicts the book is built on an unparalleled grasp of the main theoretical accounts of nationalism and ethnicity, and a definitive critique of the essentialism and constructivism that have dogged understanding of ethnic conflict.

Ethnic Conflict and Global Security

Ethnic Conflict and Global Security Author : Jean Abshire
Release : 2020-01-31
Publisher : Praeger
ISBN : 9781440840937
File Size : 54.66 MB
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This book provides readers with insights into some of the world's most challenging cases of ethnic conflict while offering invaluable analysis of the implications of the conflicts for regional and international security. * Demonstrates how international security concerns monumentally affect the lives of people around the world * Offers the background and context needed to understand some of the most serious ethnic conflicts today * Explains why ethnic conflict is often tied to regional and international terrorist organizations and is a leading cause of political violence * Provides readers with a clear understanding of specific ethnic conflicts as well as the security implications of each conflict

The Geography of Ethnic Violence

The Geography of Ethnic Violence Author : Monica Duffy Toft
Release : 2010-01-01
Publisher : Princeton University Press
ISBN : 1400835747
File Size : 83.40 MB
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The Geography of Ethnic Violence is the first among numerous distinguished books on ethnic violence to clarify the vital role of territory in explaining such conflict. Monica Toft introduces and tests a theory of ethnic violence, one that provides a compelling general explanation of not only most ethnic violence, civil wars, and terrorism but many interstate wars as well. This understanding can foster new policy initiatives with real potential to make ethnic violence either less likely or less destructive. It can also guide policymakers to solutions that endure. The book offers a distinctively powerful synthesis of comparative politics and international relations theories, as well as a striking blend of statistical and historical case study methodologies. By skillfully combining a statistical analysis of a large number of ethnic conflicts with a focused comparison of historical cases of ethnic violence and nonviolence--including four major conflicts in the former Soviet Union--it achieves a rare balance of general applicability and deep insight. Toft concludes that only by understanding how legitimacy and power interact can we hope to learn why some ethnic conflicts turn violent while others do not. Concentrated groups defending a self-defined homeland often fight to the death, while dispersed or urbanized groups almost never risk violence to redress their grievances. Clearly written and rigorously documented, this book represents a major contribution to an ongoing debate that spans a range of disciplines including international relations, comparative politics, sociology, and history.

Ethnic Cleavages and Conflict

Ethnic Cleavages and Conflict Author : Gojko Vuckoviv
Release : 1997
Publisher : Avebury
ISBN :
File Size : 29.10 MB
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An examiniation of the relationship between ethnic violence and the different forces and concepts which affect the social, political and administrative context within multiethnic nation-states and among the community of nation-states. This volume aims to assist current policy-makers with proposals and solutions for the resolution of ethnic conflict by constructing a model which can be used comparitively on an international level. The author applies this model to the former Yugoslavia focusing on the lessons to be learnt from this conflict which could prevent similar conflict and aid peaceful reconciliation in war-torn regions.

Encyclopedia of Modern Ethnic Conflicts, 2nd Edition [2 volumes]

Encyclopedia of Modern Ethnic Conflicts, 2nd Edition [2 volumes] Author : Joseph R. Rudolph Jr.
Release : 2015-12-07
Publisher : ABC-CLIO
ISBN : 1610695534
File Size : 69.16 MB
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An indispensable reference that will help students understand the major ethnic conflicts that dominate the headlines and shape the modern world. • Presents comprehensive coverage of ethnic conflicts that enables readers to comprehend recent events around the world • Contains updates and revisions to the first edition and new entries on more current conflicts • Features cases that are both relevant and topical, covering the vast majority of the conflicts that are spilling blood, affecting policies, and shaping the contemporary world • Includes primary documents that support the text, allowing students to use hard evidence in their research • Supports the National Geography Standards by examining cultural mosaics and conflict