Roman Wives, Roman Widows

Roman Wives, Roman Widows Author : Bruce W. Winter
Release : 2003
Publisher : Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
ISBN : 9780802849717
File Size : 36.69 MB
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During the late Republic and early Empire, the new woman' made her appearance. This was a wife or widow of means who took part in life outside the walls of her house, including wider society, business and extra-marital affairs.

Roman Wives, Roman Widows: The Appearance of New Women and the Pauline Communiti

Roman Wives, Roman Widows: The Appearance of New Women and the Pauline Communiti Author : Bruce W. Winter
Release : 2003-11-01
Publisher : Turtleback Books
ISBN : 9781417723379
File Size : 46.59 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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In the first century A.D. a "new" kind of Roman woman appeared whose provocative dress and decorum departed radically from the image of modesty that epitomized the traditional wife or widow. How did the early church respond? In this fascinating book Bruce Winter explores for the first time the impact of the new women on Christian wives and widows living in the early Pauline communities. Combining sound knowledge of the Graeco-Roman world and of Paul's writings, Winter shows how changing social mores of women -- changes that even drew sharp responses from Roman legislators and teachers -- help to explain controversial texts in the New Testament. According to Winter, in the Roman world you were what you wore. Grasping this underlying reality it crucial to understanding what was at stake in Scriptures in 1 Corinthians that addresses marriage veils, discussions of dress code and the activities of young widows in 1 Timothy, and Titus's call to older women to instruct new wives. Based on close investigation of Graeco-Roman society, this book makes significant contributions both to our understanding of first-century life and the social background of the Bible.

Women and the Law in the Roman Empire

Women and the Law in the Roman Empire Author : Judith Evans Grubbs
Release : 2002-09-11
Publisher : Routledge
ISBN : 1134743920
File Size : 55.55 MB
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It is widely recognized that Roman law is an important source of information about women in the Roman world, and can present a more rounded and accurate picture than literary sources. This sourcebook fully exploits the rich legal material of the imperial period - from Augustus (31 BCE - 14 CE) to the end of the western Roman Empire (476 CE), incorporating both pagan and Christian eras, and explaining the rights women held under Roman law, the restrictions to which they were subject, and legal regulations on marriage, divorce and widowhood.

Divine Honours for the Caesars

Divine Honours for the Caesars Author : Bruce W. Winter
Release :
Publisher : Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
ISBN : 0802872573
File Size : 60.9 MB
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Ephesian Women in Greco-Roman and Early Christian Perspective

Ephesian Women in Greco-Roman and Early Christian Perspective Author : Elif Hilal Karaman
Release : 2018-10-16
Publisher : Mohr Siebeck
ISBN : 3161556534
File Size : 78.70 MB
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In this volume, Elif Hilal Karaman examines the lives of Ephesian women in their historical and social contexts, considering in particular their roles as mothers, wives, teachers, and individuals in the private and public spheres. She presents Greco-Roman and early Christian sources relevant to Ephesus and relating to women, including more than 300 Ephesian inscriptions, and analyses them comparatively. By doing this she illuminates the impact of early Christianity upon the roles of women. The evidence presented demonstrates the extent to which early Christian authors utilized Greco-Roman cultural elements to construct a social background for the nascent Christian communities for whom they wrote. Elif Hilal Karaman's work thus advocates for the interpretation of early Christian texts in conversation with local archaeological and literary evidence in order to develop more nuanced understandings of the social and historical contexts of these important works.

Women in the Greetings of Romans 16.1-16

Women in the Greetings of Romans 16.1-16 Author : Susan Mathew
Release : 2013-02-28
Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN : 0567175464
File Size : 51.37 MB
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Susan Mathew examines the structures of mutuality in Romans, to shed light on the issue of women's leadership in Pauline theology. Mathew begins by analyzing the general form of greetings in the Pauline letters, to shed light on the specific form of the greetings in Rom 16.1-16. Mathew then couples this with analysis of the leadership of women in the Greco-Roman world showing that women's leadership roles in the Pauline churches were part of this wider culture. This provides a basis from which to show that the women named in Romans 16.1-16, display Paul's acknowledgment of some women associates, and point to relationships of mutuality in the greetings. A study of Romans 12-13 helps to apprehend the model of mutuality exemplified in the greetings. Finally, the contextual application of mutuality in the community as mutual welcoming and mutual up-building (Romans 14-15) is brought into focus. This enables Mathew to draw together the strands of the Pauline ethos of mutuality, which encourages the leadership roles of women in the greetings at the end of Romans.

The Lost Apostle

The Lost Apostle Author : Rena Pederson
Release : 2007-06-15
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
ISBN : 9780787997830
File Size : 56.22 MB
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In The Lost Apostle award-winning journalist Rena Pederson investigates a little known subject in early Christian history—the life and times of the female apostle Junia. Junia was an early convert and leading missionary whose story was “lost” when her name was masculinized to Junias in later centuries. The Lost Apostle unfolds like a well-written detective story, presenting Pederson’s lively search for insight and information about a woman some say was the first female apostle.

Crispina and Her Sisters

Crispina and Her Sisters Author : Christine Schenk
Release : 2017-12-01
Publisher : Fortress Press
ISBN : 1506411894
File Size : 26.35 MB
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Cripina and Her Sisters explores visual imagery found on burial artifacts of prominent early Christian women. It carefully situates the tomb art within the cultural context of customary Roman commemorations of the dead and provides an in-depth review of women‘s history in the first four centuries of Christianity. From this, a fascinating picture emerges of women‘s authority in the early church--a picture either not readily available or recognized, or even sadly distorted in the written history.

Reading 1 Corinthians with Philosophically Educated Women

Reading 1 Corinthians with Philosophically Educated Women Author : Nathan John Barnes
Release : 2014-03-28
Publisher : Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN : 1725247984
File Size : 20.75 MB
Format : PDF
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Women were involved in every popular philosophy in the first century, and the participation of women reaches back to the Greek origins of these schools. Philosophers often taught their daughters, wives, and other friends the basic tenets of their thinking. The Isthmian games and a tolerance for independent thinking made Corinth an attractive place for philosophers to engage in dialogue and debate, further facilitating the philosophical education of women. The activity of philosophically educated women directly informs our understanding of 1 Corinthians when Paul uses concepts that also appear in popular moral philosophy. This book explores how philosophically educated women would interact with three such concepts: marriage and family, patronage, and self-sufficiency.

Journal of Greco-Roman Christianity and Judaism, Volume 14

Journal of Greco-Roman Christianity and Judaism, Volume 14 Author : Stanley E. Porter
Release : 2019-06-25
Publisher : Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN : 1532691858
File Size : 38.6 MB
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Volume 14 2018 This is the fourteenth volume of the hard-copy edition of a journal that has been published online ( since 2000. As they appear, the hard-copy editions replace the online materials. The scope of JGRChJ is the texts, language and cultures of the Greco-Roman world of early Christianity and Judaism. The papers published in JGRChJ are designed to pay special attention to the larger picture of politics, culture, religion and language, engaging as well with modern theoretical approaches.

Wealth in Ancient Ephesus and the First Letter to Timothy

Wealth in Ancient Ephesus and the First Letter to Timothy Author : Gary G. Hoag
Release : 2015-11-06
Publisher : Penn State Press
ISBN : 157506832X
File Size : 30.90 MB
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Scholars are divided in their views about the teachings on riches in 1 Timothy. Evidence that has been largely overlooked in NT scholarship appears in Ephesiaca by Xenophon of Ephesus and suggests that the topic be revisited. Recently dated to the mid-first century C.E., Ephesiaca brings to life what is known from ancient sources about the social setting and cultural rules of the wealthy in Ephesus and provides details that enhance our knowledge of life and society in that place and time. In this volume, Hoag introduces Ephesiaca and employs a socio-rhetorical methodology to explore it alongside other ancient evidence and five passages in 1 Timothy (2:9–15; 3:1–13; 6:1–2a; 6:2b–10; and 6:17–19). His findings augment our modern conception of the Sitz im Leben of the wealthy in Ephesus. Additionally, because Ephesiaca contains some rare terms and themes that are found in 1 Timothy, this groundbreaking research offers fresh insight for biblical reading and interpretation.

Roman Women

Roman Women Author : Paul Chrystal
Release : 2017-05-17
Publisher : Fonthill Media
File Size : 42.78 MB
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The Message of Women

The Message of Women Author : DEREK DEREK
Release : 2020-05-21
Publisher : Inter-Varsity Press
ISBN : 1789740436
File Size : 71.65 MB
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Women appear in key places and roles throughout the biblical story-line. In the Old Testament we find Eve in the garden of Eden; the matriarchs Sarah, Rebekah, Leah and Rachel; Deborah and Ruth in the time of the Judges; the prophetesses Huldah in King Josiah's time; the capable woman of Proverbs 31; the passionate woman in the Song of Songs. In the Gospels, various women are involved in the life of Jesus, not least his mother Mary and the first witnesses to his resurrection. The book of Acts includes Lydia the converted businesswoman and Priscilla the fearless teacher. Furthermore, both testaments also contain much teaching about women's life and ministry, for example in prayer, in worship, in marriage and in leadership. Derek and Dianne Tidball's wide-ranging exposition begins with some foundations about women in creation and in the new creation. Next, they survey women under the old covenant. Thirdly, they examine women in the kingdom of God, in the life and teaching of Jesus, and in the final section they deal with women in the new community of the early church, and grapple with some of the more controversial writings of the apostle Paul. Mindful of the complexities, challenges and debates, the authors seek to approach the Bible with humility and integrity, while addressing vitally relevant issues for Christians today with clarity and confidence.

Who or What Is It All About?: A Worshipping Musician's Guide to Theology

Who or What Is It All About?: A Worshipping Musician's Guide to Theology Author : Lawrence Cooke
Release : 2013-02
Publisher :
ISBN : 1291259066
File Size : 37.3 MB
Format : PDF
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This book is a comprehensive and detailed overview of the main aspects of the Christian faith and lifestyle treated in a style which is simple to understand without being simplistic. In more than 95 essays, Lawrence ranges across the breadth and depth of Christian theology. Using the questions: Who Is It? or What Is It? the author proceeds to analyse across a spectrum of topics. Included amongst the 95 essays are answers to the following questions: Who is God? Who is Jesus Christ? Who is The Trinity? Who is The Messiah? Who is a Human Being? Who is a Male? Who is Satan? Who is The Son of Man? Who is God the Father? Who is the Word? Who is a Female? Who is the Antichrist? What is Revelation? What is Creation? What is the Truth? What is The Law? What is Praise? What is Glory? What is Prophecy? What is Healthy Living? What is Love? What is Holiness? What is the Tongue? What is Fear?


Romans Author : Frank S. Thielman
Release : 2018-11-20
Publisher : Zondervan
ISBN : 031055554X
File Size : 83.47 MB
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This series is designed for those who know biblical languages. It is written primarily for the pastor and Bible teacher, not for the scholar. That is, the aim is not to review and offer a critique of every possible interpretation that has ever been given to a passage, but to exegete each passage of Scripture succinctly in its grammatical and historical context. Each passage is interpreted in the light of its biblical setting, with a view to grammatical detail, literary context, flow of biblical argument, and historical setting. While the focus will not be on application, it is expected that the authors will offer suggestions as to the direction in which application can flow.

Empress of Rome

Empress of Rome Author : Matthew Dennison
Release : 2011-07-01
Publisher : Hachette UK
ISBN : 1849167966
File Size : 28.18 MB
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Empress of Rome is the fascinating biography of one of the most perplexing and powerful figures of the ancient world: the empress Livia. Second wife of the emperor Augustus and the mother of his successor Tiberius, Livia has been vilified by posterity (most notably by Tacitus and Robert Graves) as the quintessence of the scheming Roman matriarch, poisoning her relatives one by one to smooth her son's path to the imperial throne. In this elegant and rigorously researched biography, Matthew Dennison rescues the historical Livia from this crudely drawn caricature of the popular imagination. He depicts a complex, courageous and richly gifted woman whose true crime was not was not murder but the exercise of power, and who, in a male-dominated society, had the energy to create for herself both a prominent public profile and a significant sphere of political influence.

Correctly Handling the Word of Truth

Correctly Handling the Word of Truth Author : Mees te Velde
Release : 2014-10-24
Publisher : Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN : 1630878588
File Size : 24.33 MB
Format : PDF
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How should the Word of God be interpreted and applied today? Does our modern culture affect how we read the Bible? Can certain passages be interpreted in different contexts and in different ways, all the while acknowledging that God speaks with a clear and consistent voice? These are the enduring challenges of hermeneutics. In this volume, no less than sixteen Reformed scholars from four different countries join together to tackle the hard questions that often arise when we busy ourselves with the weighty responsibility of interpreting Holy Scripture. As iron sharpens iron, so also these Reformed scholars challenge each other and their readers to ask not only how hermeneutics can be done, but ultimately, how it should be done so that God's Word of Truth may be handled correctly (2 Tim 2:15).


Ephesians Author :
Release : 2011-01-04
Publisher : Zondervan
ISBN : 0310492157
File Size : 42.96 MB
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Designed for the pastor and Bible teacher, this series brings together commentary features rarely gathered together in one volume. Written by notable evangelical scholars, each volume in the Zondervan Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament series treats the literary context and structure of the passage in the original Greek. The series consistently provides the main point, an exegetical outline, verse-by-verse commentary, and theology in application in each section of every commentary. Critical scholarship informs each step but does not dominate the commentary, allowing readers to concentrate on the biblical author’s message as it unfolds. While primarily designed for those with a basic knowledge of biblical Greek, all who strive to understand and teach the New Testament will find these books beneficial. The ZECNT series covers the entire New Testament in twenty volumes; Clinton E. Arnold serves as general editor. In this volume, Clinton Arnold offer pastors, students, and teachers a focused resource for reading Ephesians. Through the use of graphic representations of translations, succinct summaries of main ideas, exegetical outlines and other features, Arnold present Paul’s epistle to the Ephesians with precision and accuracy. Because of this series’ focus on the textual structure of the scriptures, readers will better understand the literary elements of Ephesians, comprehend the author’s revolutionary goals, and ultimately discovering their vital claims upon the church today.