Nobel laureate Erwin Schrödinger was one of the most distinguished scientists of the twentieth century; his lectures on the history and philosophy of science are legendary. 'Nature and the Greeks' and 'Science and Humanism' makes available for the first time in many years the texts of two of Schrödinger's most famous lecture series. 'Nature and the Greeks' offers a comprehensive historical account of the twentieth-century scientific world picture, tracing modern science back to the earliest stages of Western philosophic thought. 'Science and Humanism' addresses some of the most fundamental questions of the century: what is the value of scientific research? And how do the achievements of modern science affect the relationship between material and spiritual matters? A foreword by Roger Penrose sets the lectures in a contemporary context, and affirms they are as relevant today as when they were first published.
This book reviews the horizons and frontiers of humanism as they interact with the science of life in the universe, now generally known as “astrobiology”. As one of the most important conversations of our time, the existence of life itself raises deep questions that are meaningful to both astrobiology and humanism. The text discusses current disagreements in this intercultural dialogue, which are shown to be solely due to the widespread delusion that the horizons and frontiers of science can be ignored.
This book provides an up-to-date understanding of the progress and current problems of the interplay of nonlocality in the classical theories of gravitation and quantum theory. These problems lie on the border between general relativity and quantum physics, including quantum gravity.
More than a history of Greek science, this fascinating book by an eminent science historian also provides a lucid account of ancient and early Greek cultures. Remarkably readable, thoroughly documented, and well illustrated, it covers problems of mathematics, astronomy, physics, and biology. "Magnificent." — Ashley Montagu, Saturday Review.
A.C. Crombie sees the history of Western science as the history of a vision and an argument, initiated by the ancient Greeks in their search for principles at once of nature and of argument itself. This scientific vision explored and controlled by argument, and the diversification of both vision and argument by scientific experience and by interaction with the wider contexts of intellectual culture, constitute the long history of European scientific thought. Science, Art and Nature in Medieval and Modern Thought deals with scientific objectivity, with the historiography of medieval science, the medieval conception of laws of nature, and the historical relation between rational design in scientific experimentation and in the arts, exemplified especially by perspective painting.
"An accessible and engaging overview of anthropological theory that provides a comprehensive history from antiquity through to the twenty-first century. The fifth edition has been revised throughout, with substantial updates to the Feminism and Anthropology section, including more on Gender and Sexuality, and with a new section on Anthropologies of the Digital Age. Once again, A History of Anthropological Theory will be published simultaneously with the accompanying reader, mirroring these changes in the selection of readings, so they can easily be used together in the classroom. Additional biographical information about some of theorists has been added to help students."--
Polyainos schrieb f�r die r�mischen Kaiser ein Werk �ber Stragetika, �ber strategische Tricks. Er sammelt dazu aus der ganzen antiken Geschichte Beispiele daf�r, wie durch den Einsatz von �berredung und �berraschung, von Werbung und Angstmachen, aber auch von List und T�cke Erfolge m�glich wurden. So bietet das Werk einen einmaligen Einblick in das antike Denken und zugleich viele hundert strategische Tricks nicht nur von M�nnern, sondern auch von Frauen - und heute nicht nur f�r Schiffs-, sondern auch f�r Wirtschaftskapit�ne.
The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists is the premier public resource on scientific and technological developments that impact global security. Founded by Manhattan Project Scientists, the Bulletin's iconic "Doomsday Clock" stimulates solutions for a safer world.
In this classic work, the foremost historian of science in our time, George Sarton, sums up his reflections on the role of science and of the humanities in our culture. Voicing his opposition to the old-fashioned humanists on the one hand, and to the 'uneducated' men of science and technicians on the other, Sarton points out to the former that the humanities without scientific are essentially incomplete. He warns the latter that without history, without philosophy, without arts and letters, without a living religion, human life on this planet would cease to be worthwhile.After outlining his 'Faith of a Humanist' in the opening section, Sarton goes on to analyze 'The History of Science and the History of Civilization,' to discuss the progress of scientific thought since ancient times in 'East and West,' and to propose the solution for the educational and cultural crisis of our time in 'The New Humanism' and in 'The History of Science and the Problems of Today.' He concludes not only that science is a source of technological development that has changed the face of the earth and has convulsed our lives for good and evil, but that it nonetheless affords the best means of understanding the world, its people, and the multitude of their relationships. 'Science is the conscience of mankind.'Included in this edition is Robert M. Merton's address before the Sarton Centennial meeting of November 1984. It is a stunning tour de force in its own right, providing insights into Sarton, teaching and research at Harvard in the 1930s, and the personal interaction between Sarton the mentor, and Merton the pupil. The essay supplements May Sarton's earlier 'Informal Portrait of George Sarton.'
Ancient Greek philosophy arose in the 6th century BC and continued throughout the Hellenistic period and the period in which Ancient Greece was part of the Roman Empire. Philosophy was used to make sense out of the world in a non-religious way. It dealt with a wide variety of subjects, including political philosophy, ethics, metaphysics, ontology, logic, biology, rhetoric and aesthetics. This two-volume edition gives a complete insight into Greek Philosophy from its beginnings until the occurrence of Christian philosophy and final extinction of pagan philosophy. Contents: Early Greek Thought The Greek Humanists: Nature and Law The Place of Socrates in Greek Philosophy Plato; His Teachers and His Times Plato as a Reformer Characteristics of Aristotle The Systematic Philosophy of Aristotle The Stoics Epicurus and Lucretius The Sceptics and Eclectics: Greek Philosophy in Rome The Religious Revival The Spiritualism of Plotinus Greek Philosophy and Modern Thought
Sustainable development sets the agenda for the 21st century. Human technological capability and needs mean that nature is and will be challenged and damaged in many ways. Whilst many social and technological innovations are being made to improve our survival prospects, they are likely to be insufficient to avoid continued social and ecological stress and the prospect of global tension if significant changes do not come about. The ideas in this book offer a new solution to sustainable development problems. They are concerned not with what we know but how we know, or rather how we order knowledge and create understanding in the human world. This book shows that some of the fundamental practices that shape modern society, especially in the business world, are the unwitting cause of unsustainable development. By extrapolating the epistemic analysis of Michel Foucault, a major social scientist, this book identifies a new episteme. It outlines a new way of ordering knowledge that better serves sustainable development. This pioneering book synthesizes the sciences of human and natural worlds and applies the findings to the creation of sustainable business models and equitable lifestyles for all. Contents:Approach:Just BusinessNatural MomentumAccounting ConstructionsOpen SocietiesModern Times:Passive NatureModern KnowledgeSquare-Peg BusinessPrimal Knowledge:Breaking FreeThe Primal EpistemePrimal WisdomPrimal BusinessConsequences:Resistance & Assistance Readership: Graduate students in sustainable business, CSR and environmental sciences; social and natural scientists; business professionals and accountants. Keywords:Sustainable Business;Epistemes;Sustainability;Business and Society;Science and Society;FoucaultKey Features:Refreshing concept and approach to sustainable developmentIntegrates sustainable technology and lifestylesNew episteme for sustainable developmentReviews: “This story of a journey of discovery has to be one of the most original books of recent times. Presented as an account of one person's interrogation of the assumptions that lead to unsustainable behaviour, this erudite, readable, and never less than fascinating book marks a turning point in business thinking. Dive in, look around, and enjoy!” Professor Andrew Dobson Keele University, UK “This fascinating book takes us on a journey of thinking which can help us from doing accounting as ‘just business’, to doing it as part of a newly ‘Just Business’ where sustainable development will be simply accepted as something intrinsic. The book takes strength from Michel Foucault's idea of different human eras having systematically different ways of thinking and so forming different knowledge ‘epistemes’. The journey the authors then take is towards thinking an epistemic change, so far barely glimpsed, which would render such new ways of doing accounting and business ‘simply there’. Such journeys in thinking matter since, as Foucault observed elsewhere, thought should be understood as the very form of action: and given that, as he saw, power is only ever exercised as action on the actions of others, serious thinking action such as this can prove strategically central to the exercising of power's action in ways as yet unanticipated. Thus was it ever that a power, currently ‘inexorable’, proves suddenly and irrevocably fragile and forgettable.” Keith Hoskin Warwick Business School, University of Warwick, UK “This is a book that takes on board one of the most important issue of today's world; how we can do and think business differently in order to avoid the devastating ecological and human consequences that seem to follow in its wake. It is an ambitious task that the authors set out to undertake but I am obliged to say they have succeeded in their exploration. They argue that the possible solution lays much closer than we realise: within us and how we know. The argument is laid out with an unconventional style of storytelling where personal details about the authors' own situated knowledge journeys, and their interactions with a Chinese PhD student of one of them, are interwoven with philosophically based analysis of the order of things today. This interweaving makes the book both engaging and interesting as it invites the reader to ‘know differently’. It is more than just interesting; it is very inspiring to see how Michel Foucault's ideas and theorizing from The Order of Things (1977) have been brought to bear to help construct a history not just of the present but of a possible future. Being positive about the book does not mean that I am fully in agreement with the authors or their interpretations at all points, nor that I am not concerned about what they have excluded. But the book does what it sets out to do, and very successfully too. To me the important thing is that we should be taking on board this difficult topic and making space for discussions that can lead to the possibility, for each one of us who reads or talks about this book, of knowing and enacting sustainability differently. Today we have a major task before us, in seeking to include sustainability across all levels of business education. I think this book makes a major contribution to the much-needed task of trying to change what we teach and learn as we struggle with how to think and do business.” Ann-Christine Frandsen Senior Lecturer in Accounting Essex Business School, Essex University, UK “In recent decades, the responsibilities of producers, sorting, incineration and hazardous waste management have been regulated. This has created a general consensus in favour of recycling … The Stena Metall Group had a favourable position and to move into sustainable business in the 1980s using innovative solutions, the Group now converts waste from its customers into commodities of value. It is natural for us to support the ideas about intrinsic sustainability that are explored in this book.” John Lindkvist Vice CEO, Stena Mettal, Gothenburg “… this is one of the most unusual, surprising and, indeed, stimulating books that it has been my pleasure to read in recent years … if you have any pretentions to becoming any kind of decent scholar in social and environmental accounting, I suggest to get hold of a copy of this and spend at least a little time in the company of an honest, brave and intellectually ambitious piece of work.” (see full review)Journal of the Centre for Social and Environmental Accounting (CSEAR)
Sandra Luft, in her ambitious postmodernist reading of Vico's profoundly influential New Science, asserts the "strangeness" of texts that struggle to understand human existence outside the assumptions of traditional humanism. One of her central arguments is that Vico as a thinker moved toward such an alien understanding. Despite his warning against the tyranny of "familiar conceits," his work is commonly read within the traditional philosophic assumptions of the West--assumptions that she shows cannot contain nor explain the work's novelty. The book includes extensive comparisons of Vico with Nietzsche, Heidegger, and Derrida. Luft does not regard Vico as a precursor of the postmodern, which she sees as a recurring perspective in the West, one critical of the assumptions underlying traditional humanist conceptions of human nature and knowledge. Luft finds anachronistic not the question of Vico's affinity to postmodern ideas, but rather his identification with traditional humanism and modernism by modern scholars. Luft's reading brings to the fore radical existential issues in New Science: its concern with origins, with the power of language and social practices, and with its critique of human subjectivity. That perspective makes Vico interesting and important for a wide circle of contemporary readers.
Covering the general fields of mathematics, astronomy, mathematical geography, physics, chemistry and chemical technology, geology and meteorology, biology, medicine, and physiological psychology, the present collection surveys the field of Greek scientific achievement over a thousand-year period. Many Greek scientific treatises were written and read by cultivated people who did not regard themselves as specialists. These works should appeal today to those readers who wish to understand not only the foundations of modern science, but also a vital element of the humanistic tradition.
The Reader's Guide to the History of Science looks at the literature of science in some 550 entries on individuals (Einstein), institutions and disciplines (Mathematics), general themes (Romantic Science) and central concepts (Paradigm and Fact). The history of science is construed widely to include the history of medicine and technology as is reflected in the range of disciplines from which the international team of 200 contributors are drawn.
Greek traditions relating to both the arts and sciences of life and health and those regarding the systematic development of theories of measurement and quantification enjoyed an incredibly long reputation and showed a kind of versatility that challenges any simplistic, dogmatic or a priori viewpoint about the meaning and social function of systematic knowledge. In this sense, they allow us to focus on very specific traits of the multiple processes of production, textual arrangement and transmission of the sciences. Greek Science in the Long Run: Essays on the Greek Scientific Tradition (4th c. BCE–17th c. CE) offers a collection of essays in which renowned international experts in ancient, medieval and early modern history and culture and the history of science, together with young researchers in these same fields, reflect upon different aspects of this long-standing prominence of Greek models and traditions in the changing configuration of the sciences. The main aim of the volume is to revisit the different processes by which such doctrinal traditions originated, were transmitted and received within diverse socio-cultural contexts and frameworks. The specialized scholars and academics contributing to the volume embrace advanced standpoints regarding these issues and ensure a successful and substantial contribution to one of the lines of research that has recently attracted the most attention within the field of humanities: the interdisciplinary project of a historical epistemology seriously informed by an advanced history of epistemology or the sciences.
Humanism is the progressive philosophy of life that, without supernaturalism, affirms our ability and responsibility to lead ethical lives of personal fulfillment that aspire to the greater good of humanity. For the past ninety years, The Humanist Magazine and its predecessor The New Humanist have published the most profound and provocative humanist writing in America. This volume focuses on the first forty-five years of the magazine, from 1928 to 1973, and on the philosophical discussion that formed its heart. The work of thinkers as accomplished as Buckminster Fuller, Corliss Lamont, B. F. Skinner, Frank Lloyd Wright, Lucile Green, and Isaac Asimov is included, along with that of many others. Editor Charles Murn has organized the essays into eleven chapters, providing an overview of the evolution of humanist thinking in each area. CHAPTER 1: Some Essentials of Humanist Philosophy CHAPTER 2: Types of Humanism CHAPTER 3: The Source and Nature of Humanist Values CHAPTER 4: Scientific Method and Scientific Knowledge in Humanist Philosophy CHAPTER 5: Humanism Explores the Unknown and Defines the Uncertain CHAPTER 6: Religious Humanism as Nontheistic, Naturalistic, and Instrumental CHAPTER 7: The Roles of Emotion and Spirituality in Humanism CHAPTER 8: Working Out Humanist Morals and Ethics CHAPTER 9: Humanistic Psychology and Freedom CHAPTER 10: Humanism, Science, and the Arts and Humanities CHAPTER 11: Humanism Comes to Value Other Life Forms and Nature
Science and Nature brings together the work and insights of historian Carolyn Merchant on the history of science, environmental history, and ethics. The book explores her ideas about the interconnections among science, women, nature, and history as they have emerged over her academic lifetime. Focusing on topics such as "The Death of Nature," the Scientific Revolution, women in the history of science and environment, and partnership ethics, it synthesizes her writings and sets out a vision for the twenty-first century. Anyone interested in the interactions between science and nature in the past, present, and future will want to read this book. It is an ideal text for courses on the environment, environmental history, history of science, and the philosophy of science.