Fundamentals of Ecosystem Science

Fundamentals of Ecosystem Science Author : Kathleen C. Weathers
Release : 2021-08-13
Publisher : Elsevier
ISBN : 0128127627
File Size : 72.1 MB
Format : PDF
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Fundamentals of Ecosystem Science, Second Edition, provides a solid introduction to modern ecosystem science, covering land, freshwater and marine environments. Ecosystem science is now applied to address a wide range of environmental problems. Written by respected experts, this updated edition covers major concepts of ecosystem science, biogeochemistry and energetics. Case studies written by leading figures in the field offer insight into how adopting an ecosystem approach has helped solve important intellectual and practical problems. Offers one of the few books on ecosystems to cover both the aquatic and terrestrial realms Features vignettes throughout the book to give real examples of how an ecosystem approach has and continues to create real change Includes synthesis chapters and case studies to take new information and demonstrate applications Features new coverage on human-environment interactions and biological interactions within the environment

Fundamentals of Ecosystem Science

Fundamentals of Ecosystem Science Author : Kathleen C. Weathers
Release : 2012-12-31
Publisher : Academic Press
ISBN : 0080916805
File Size : 20.81 MB
Format : PDF
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Ecosystem science has developed into a major part of contemporary ecology, and it is now applied to diagnose and solve a wide range of important environmental problems. Fundamentals of Ecosystem Science provides a compact and comprehensive introduction to modern ecosystem science. Written by a group of experts, this book covers major concepts of ecosystem science, biogeochemistry, and energetics. Addresses, contrasts, and compares both terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems Combines general lessons, concepts, frameworks, and challenges in highly accessible synthesis chapters Presents firsthand case studies, written by leaders in the field, offering personal insights into how adopting an ecosystem approach led to innovations, new understanding, management changes, and policy solutions

Fundamentals of Ecosystem Science

Fundamentals of Ecosystem Science Author : Kathleen C. Weathers
Release : 2021-07-30
Publisher : Academic Press
ISBN : 0128127635
File Size : 62.23 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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Fundamentals of Ecosystem Science, Second Edition provides a comprehensive introduction to modern ecosystem science covering land, freshwater and marine ecosystems. Ecosystem science is now applied to address a wide range of environmental problems. Written by a group of experts, this updated edition covers major concepts of ecosystem science, biogeochemistry, and energetics. Case studies of important environmental problems offer personal insights into how adopting an ecosystem approach has helped solve important intellectual and practical problems. For those choosing to use the book in a classroom environment, or who want to enrich further their reading experience, teaching and learning assets are available at Elsevier.com. Covers both aquatic (freshwater and marine) and terrestrial ecosystems with updated information Includes a new chapter on microbial biogeochemistry Features vignettes throughout the book with real examples of how an ecosystem approach has led to important change in policy, management, and ecological understanding Demonstrates the application of an ecosystem approach in synthesis chapters and case studies Contains new coverage of human-environment interactions

Big Ecology

Big Ecology Author : David C. Coleman
Release : 2010-05-14
Publisher : Univ of California Press
ISBN : 0520945735
File Size : 65.37 MB
Format : PDF
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In Big Ecology, David C. Coleman documents his historically fruitful ecological collaborations in the early years of studying large ecosystems in the United States. As Coleman explains, the concept of the ecosystem—a local biological community and its interactions with its environment—has given rise to many institutions and research programs, like the National Science Foundation’s program for Long Term Ecological Research. Coleman’s insider account of this important and fascinating trend toward big science takes us from the paradigm of collaborative interdisciplinary research, starting with the International Geophysical Year (IGY) of 1957, through the International Biological Program (IBP) of the late 1960s and early 1970s, to the Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) programs of the 1980s.

Fundamentals of Soil Ecology

Fundamentals of Soil Ecology Author : David C. Coleman
Release : 2004-08-11
Publisher : Elsevier
ISBN : 0080472818
File Size : 67.74 MB
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This fully revised and expanded edition of Fundamentals of Soil Ecology continues its holistic approach to soil biology and ecosystem function. Students and ecosystem researchers will gain a greater understanding of the central roles that soils play in ecosystem development and function. The authors emphasize the increasing importance of soils as the organizing center for all terrestrial ecosystems and provide an overview of theory and practice of soil ecology, both from an ecosystem and evolutionary biology point of view. This volume contains updated and greatly expanded coverage of all belowground biota (roots, microbes and fauna) and methods to identify and determine its distribution and abundance. New chapters are provided on soil biodiversity and its relationship to ecosystem processes, suggested laboratory and field methods to measure biota and their activities in ecosystems.. Contains over 60% new material and 150 more pages Includes new chapters on soil biodiversity and its relationship to ecosystem function Outlines suggested laboratory and field methods Incorporates new pedagogical features Combines theoretical and practical approaches

Soil and Plant Analysis for Forest Ecosystem Characterization

Soil and Plant Analysis for Forest Ecosystem Characterization Author : Daniel John Vogt
Release : 2015-03-30
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN : 3110290472
File Size : 53.88 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
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This handbook provides an overview of physical, chemical and biological methods used to analyze soils and plant tissue using an ecosystem perspective. The current emphasis on climate change has recognized the importance of including soil carbon as part of our carbon budgets. Methods to assess soils must be ecosystem based if they are to have utility for policy makers and managers wanting to change soil carbon and nutrient pools. Most of the texts on soil analyis treat agriculture and not forest soils and these methods do not transfer readily to forests because of their different chemistry and physical properties. This manual presents methods for soil and plant analysis with the ecosystem level approach that will reduce the risk that poor management decisions will be made in forests. This manual was intended for the instructors that teach students soil and plant analyses; however it can also be used by the research laboratories and by environmental scientists.The laboratory procedures in this manual are outlined in easy-to-follow steps and frequently accompanied with examples of calculations, questions to answer, and also a blank data sheet to use. These methods used in this manual can be used on soil and plant tissues found in agricultural, horticulture, forestry, urban, and natural lands.

Fundamentals of Ecological Modelling

Fundamentals of Ecological Modelling Author : Sven Erik Jørgensen
Release : 2011
Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
ISBN : 9780444535672
File Size : 61.76 MB
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Fundamentals of Ecological Modelling: Applications in Environmental Management and Research, Fourth Edition, provides a comprehensive discussion of the fundamental principles of ecological modeling. The first two editions of this book (published in 1986 and 1994) focused on the roots of the discipline the four main model types that dominated the field 30-40 years ago: (1) dynamic biogeochemical models; (2) population dynamic models; (3) ecotoxicological models; and (4) steady-state biogeochemical and energy models. The third edition focused on the mathematical formulations of ecological processes that are included in ecological models. This fourth edition uses the four model types previously listed as the foundation and expands the latest model developments in spatial models, structural dynamic models, and individual-based models. As these seven types of models are very different and require different considerations in the model development phase, a separate chapter is devoted to the development of each of the model types. Throughout the text, the examples given from the literature emphasize the application of models for environmental management and research. Presents the most commonly used model types with a step-by-step outline of the modeling procedure used for each Shows readers through an illustrated example of how to use each model in research and management settings New edition is revised to include only essential theory with a focus on applications Includes case studies, illustrations, and exercises (case study of an ecological problem with full illustration on how to solve the problem)

Fundamentals of Aquatic Ecology

Fundamentals of Aquatic Ecology Author : R. S. K. Barnes
Release : 2009-07-21
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
ISBN : 1444314106
File Size : 35.22 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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Fundamentals of Aquatic Ecology is a completely updated and revised edition of the earlier work, Fundamentals of Aquatic Ecosystems. The new edition has been re-titled to reflect the fact that the authors found that, from the modification exercise, a completely different and new book emerged. The new edition concentrates heavily of the fundamental features common to all aquatic systems, both marine and freshwater. This unique synthesis allows for the discussion of ecological processes comparatively, across environments. A general introduction is followed by discussion of various 'types' of aquatic ecosystems - open waters, coastal zones, benthos, and the aquatic ecosystem as a whole. This is followed by an important new chapter on aquatic ecosystems and global ecology. Later chapters consider the individuals and communities in aquatic ecosystems. A totally re-written and rejuvenated edition of an established student text. Synthesizes both marine and freshwater ecology. Covers both ecosystem ecology and population biology. In depth consideration of man's impact on the aquatic environment.

Fundamentals of Ecological Modelling

Fundamentals of Ecological Modelling Author : Sven Erik Jørgensen
Release : 2001-01
Publisher : Elsevier
ISBN : 0080440150
File Size : 80.9 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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This is a thoroughly revised and updated edition of an authoritative introduction to ecological modelling. Sven Erik Jørgensen, Editor-in-Chief of the journal Ecological Modelling, and Giuseppe Bendoricchio, Professor of Environmental Modelling at the University of Padova, Italy, offer compelling insights into the subject. This volume explains the concepts and processes involved in ecological modelling, presents the latest developments in the field and provides readers with the tools to construct their own models. The Third Edition features: • A detailed discussion and step-by-step outline of the modelling procedure. • An account of different model types including overview tables, examples and illustrations. • A comprehensive presentation of the submodels and unit processes used in modelling. • In-depth descriptions of the latest modelling techniques. • Structured exercises at the end of each chapter. • Three mathematical appendices and a subject index. This practical and proven book very effectively combines the theory, methodology and applications of ecological modelling. The new edition is an essential, up-to-date guide to a rapidly growing field.

Fundamentals of Ecology

Fundamentals of Ecology Author : Eugene Pleasants Odum
Release : 2005
Publisher : Brooks/Cole Publishing Company
ISBN :
File Size : 45.49 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
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Master the study of ecology in the twenty-first century with FUNDAMENTALS OF ECOLOGY! Designed to educate a wide audience about ecological science, this biology text shows you the application of ecological principles in the real world and how to use what you learn to solve problems in fields such as resource management, conservation biology, ecological toxicology, ecosystem health, landscape ecology, and restoration ecology. Introductory statements, diagrams, models, photographs, and a book-specific website are just a few of the tools found throughout the text that will help you succeed.

Foundations of Restoration Ecology

Foundations of Restoration Ecology Author : Margaret A. Palmer
Release : 2016-11
Publisher : Island Press
ISBN : 1610916972
File Size : 70.89 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
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"Society for Ecological Restoration"--Cover.

Fundamentals of Ecological Modelling

Fundamentals of Ecological Modelling Author : S.E. Jorgensen
Release : 2001-08-14
Publisher : Elsevier
ISBN : 0080532101
File Size : 86.28 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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This is a thoroughly revised and updated edition of an authoritative introduction to ecological modelling. Sven Erik Jørgensen, Editor-in-Chief of the journal Ecological Modelling, and Giuseppe Bendoricchio, Professor of Environmental Modelling at the University of Padova, Italy, offer compelling insights into the subject. This volume explains the concepts and processes involved in ecological modelling, presents the latest developments in the field and provides readers with the tools to construct their own models. The Third Edition features: • A detailed discussion and step-by-step outline of the modelling procedure. • An account of different model types including overview tables, examples and illustrations. • A comprehensive presentation of the submodels and unit processes used in modelling. • In-depth descriptions of the latest modelling techniques. • Structured exercises at the end of each chapter. • Three mathematical appendices and a subject index. This practical and proven book very effectively combines the theory, methodology and applications of ecological modelling. The new edition is an essential, up-to-date guide to a rapidly growing field.

Understanding Urban Ecosystems

Understanding Urban Ecosystems Author : Alan R. Berkowitz
Release : 2006-05-29
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN : 038722615X
File Size : 76.41 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
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Nowhere on Earth is the challenge for ecological understanding greater, and yet more urgent, than in those parts of the globe where human activity is most intense - cities. People need to understand how cities work as ecological systems so they can take control of the vital links between human actions and environmental quality, and work for an ecologically and economically sustainable future. An ecosystem approach integrates biological, physical and social factors and embraces historical and geographical dimensions, providing our best hope for coping with the complexity of cities. This book is a first of its kind effort to bring together leaders in the biological, physical and social dimensions of urban ecosystem research with leading education researchers, administrators and practitioners, to show how an understanding of urban ecosystems is vital for urban dwellers to grasp the fundamentals of ecological and environmental science, and to understand their own environment.

Sustainable Biofuels

Sustainable Biofuels Author : Ajay Kumar Bhardwaj
Release : 2015-04-24
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN : 3110275899
File Size : 63.12 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
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With oil resources approaching their limits, biofuels have become increasingly attractive. This book provides a detailed description of the ecological implications of second and third generation biofuel feedstock production systems, beginning with an introduction to the importance of ecological sustainability alongside economic viability. The book is divided into sections describing theoretical foundation and benefits of various biofuel cropping systems, and providing a description of practical ecological limitations to achieve those fundamental benefits. The book covers such critical issues as greenhouse gas emissions, carbon balance, water cycle components, other biogeochemical and socioeconomic interactions alongside life cycle analysis principals for achieving sustainability. These are some of the most important sustainability, environmental and economic issues which biofuel industry and scientific community is seeking answers to.

Fundamentals of Microbiome Science

Fundamentals of Microbiome Science Author : Angela E. Douglas
Release : 2021-06
Publisher : Princeton University Press
ISBN : 0691217718
File Size : 50.43 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
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An essential introduction to microbiome science, a new cutting-edge discipline that is transforming the life sciences This book provides an accessible and authoritative guide to the fundamental principles of microbiome science, an exciting and fast-emerging new discipline that is reshaping many aspects of the life sciences. Resident microbes in healthy animals--including humans—can dictate many traits of the animal host. This animal microbiome is a second immune system conferring protection against pathogens; it can structure host metabolism in animals as diverse as reef corals and hibernating mammals; and it may influence animal behavior, from social recognition to emotional states. These microbial partners can also drive ecologically important traits, from thermal tolerance to diet, and have contributed to animal diversification over long evolutionary timescales. Drawing on concepts and data across a broad range of disciplines and systems, Angela Douglas provides a conceptual framework for understanding these animal-microbe interactions while shedding critical light on the scientific challenges that lie ahead. Douglas explains why microbiome science demands creative and interdisciplinary thinking—the capacity to combine microbiology with animal physiology, ecological theory with immunology, and evolutionary perspectives with metabolic science. An essential introduction to a cutting-edge field that is revolutionizing the life sciences, this book explains why microbiome science presents a more complete picture of the biology of humans and other animals, and how it can deliver novel therapies for many medical conditions and new strategies for pest control.

Ecology, Environmental Science & Conservation

Ecology, Environmental Science & Conservation Author : Singh J.S., Singh S.P. & Gupta S.R.
Release : 2014
Publisher : S. Chand Publishing
ISBN : 9383746009
File Size : 23.64 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Over the years, the scope of our scientific understanding and technical skills in ecology and environmental science have widened significantly, with increasingly greater emphasis on societal issues. In this book, an attempt has been made to give basic concepts of ecology, environmental science and various aspects of natural resource conservation. The topics covered primarily deal with environmental factors affecting organisms, adaptations, biogeography, ecology of species populations and species interactions, biotic communities and ecosystems, environmental pollution, stresses caused by toxics, global environmental change, exotic species invasion, conservation of biodiversity, ecological restoration, impact assessment, application of remote sensing and geographical information system for analysis and management of natural resources, and approaches of ecological economics. The main issues have been discussed within the framework of sustainability, considering humans as part of ecosystems, and recognising that sustainable development requires integration of ecology with social sciences for policy formulation and implementation.

Ecological Model Types

Ecological Model Types Author : Sven Erik Jorgensen
Release : 2016-11-01
Publisher : Elsevier
ISBN : 9780444636232
File Size : 71.21 MB
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Ecological Model Types brings an understanding on how to quantitatively analyze complex and dynamic ecosystems with the tools available today. Ecosystem studies widely use the notions of order, complexity, randomness, and organization, and are used interchangeably in literature, which causes much confusion. Better models synthesize our knowledge on ecosystems and their environmental problems, in contrast to statistical analysis, which only reveal the relationships between the data. This book brings together experts on ecological models to create a definitive work on how to understand our complex Earth. Bridges the gap between statistical analysis and synthesis of data, enhancing our understanding about ecosystems and their environmental problems Helps readers understand complex ecosystems by walking through the best modeling options to analyze and predict environmental effects Provides a detailed review of 14 model types, covering the breadth of options available for analysis at this time

Dryland East Asia: Land Dynamics amid Social and Climate Change

Dryland East Asia: Land Dynamics amid Social and Climate Change Author : Jiquan Chen
Release : 2013-10-29
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter
ISBN : 3110287919
File Size : 24.86 MB
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Drylands in East Asia (DEA)are home to more than one billion people with an environment vulnerable to natural and anthropogenic changes. One of the critical needs in the region is to fully understand how dryland ecosystems respond to the changing climate and human activities in order to develop strategies to cope with continued climate change. This book provides state-of-the-art knowledge and information on drylands ecosystem dynamics, changing climate, society, and land use in the region. In addition to the synthesis of the existing research and knowledge of DEA, the book provides a role model for regional ecological assessment. With a wide spectrum of contributions from experts around the globe, the book should be of interest to researchers and students both internationally and in East Asia. Lessons learned from this synthesis effort in DEA should be useful for developing climate adaptation strategies for other similar regions around the globe.

Ecological Engineering and Ecosystem Restoration

Ecological Engineering and Ecosystem Restoration Author : William J. Mitsch
Release : 2003-09-18
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
ISBN : 047133264X
File Size : 20.30 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
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Completely updated to keep pace with current technology. * Provides a firm grounding the fundamentals, theory, and latest techniques. * Includes completely updated case studies.

Fundamentals Of Soil Science

Fundamentals Of Soil Science Author : A. Rathinasamy
Release : 2017-07-06
Publisher : Scientific Publishers
ISBN : 9386237342
File Size : 65.25 MB
Format : PDF
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The content of this book is structured around basic soil concepts, beginning with the significance of soil in our everyday lives and progressing through soil formation, the physical and chemical properties of soils, and the role soil and the earth play in environmental management today and in the future.