Examines the history of comparative religions from colonial Puritans to twentieth century sects and cults.
"This dissertation focuses on the application of the methods of Social Network Analysis to the study of religious dissident movements in late medieval Languedoc. The aim of the project is to analyse the community performance of late Cathars, and Beguins of Languedoc in order to identify and compare organizational patterns and to reassess the participation of women in late medieval heresy. The study is based on a relational reading of inquisitorial sources, mainly registers and books of sentences. I argue that the relational nature of inquisitorial records makes them the ideal source not only for the study of social relationships within dissident religious movements but also for the application of formal network analysis methods. This approach stresses the need to consider the dissident community as encompassing both priestlike elites traditionally identified as the leadership of heretical groups and the social basis that shaped them and made them possible. Furthermore, as will be discussed, despite the current acknowledgement of the importance of female involvement in religious dissent, the fact that women were soon excluded from sacerdotal functions within some of these non- orthodox communities has fostered the underestimation of their contribution as brokers and, therefore, as key players within spiritual networks. The following pages will describe the different kinds of relations between actors that can be retrieved from the sources, as well as the role played by women in such relational structures. Acquaintanceship, family, and friendship ties are the most common, but the flows of information, beliefs, money, victuals, and relics have also been considered. In the case of women, the application of this methodology shows that they were central in sustaining dissident networks, but that this function was neither exclusive to them nor their sole purpose. Finally, I will propose that understanding the relational mechanisms that led new members to join the network—that is, to convert— contributes to the ongoing debate on the so-called "invention of heresy." Thus, the social dimension of the flow of beliefs and spiritual practices leads to the conclusion that the networks that can be extracted from inquisitorial records were indeed social networks and not inquisitorial constructs, and that they provided the basis for the transmission of alternative religious cultures." -- TDX.
A detailed account of how communities developed, grew and declined during a period of intense religious and economic change. The book looks at three contrasting communities in eastern England from 1525 to 1700, dismissing the notion that, prior to the educational reforms of the 19th century, ordinary people did not think or debate. Margaret Spufford looks at the greatest single piece of evidence that the mass of common folk in the countryside did not live by bread alone - the fact that the parish church and sometimes the dissenting chapel are, with the manor house, the monuments that dominate the village layout. Far from being mere counters in a game of economic statistics, the people of the Cambridgeshire parishes who form the subject of the study emerge as three-dimensional human beings.
When first published in 1992, this major collection rapidly established itself as the leading text on Social Movements to be published in North America.
A comprehensive account of Clayoquot Sound and the protest movement: rainforest ecosystems; the April 1993 land-use decision; co-opted forestry science; the Peace Camp and the Blockades; civil disobedience; the police, the courts and the corporations; environmental rights; ongoing logging violations in 1994 (with photos).
Furthermore, lay women and wives of the Nyamwezi teachers and catechists taught children in Sunday schools, while others accompanied teachers in villages and launched home-visit campaigns to attract more Nyamwezi women to join Christianity. The dissertation further argues that the growth of African Christianity in villages was not entirely the product of European missionary initiatives, but rather in significant measure the result of African cultural and intellectual creativity. The growth of Christianity in the twenty-century western Tanzania gave rise to the revival movement which spread in missions and villages, attracting Christians and pastors into revivalism. Nevertheless, divergent interpretations on the teachings of salvation, sin, and public confession of sins split Christians in the established mission churches into born-again pastors and Christians who supported revivalism and Christians who opposed the movement. This dissertation shows for the first time that lay Christians dissented from the revival movement, preventing born-again pastors and evangelists from holding services in churches. With growing tensions, some Christians seceded from the mainstream churches to form their own churches and installed their own pastors who worked independently from the control of the established churches.
This collection of primary sources presents the story of American History as told by dissenters who, throughout the course of American history, have fought to gain rights they believed were denied to them or others, or who disagree with the government or majority opinion. Each document is introduced by placing it in its historical context, and thought-provoking questions are provided to focus the reader when s/he reads the text. Readers interested in American History looking for an interesting collection of primary sources that present this country's history as told by dissenters who, throughout the course of American history, have fought to gain rights they believed were denied to them or others, or who disagree with the government of majority opinion.
Kevin Herlihy based this book on papers originally presented at the fourth conference on Irish dissent held at Marsh's Library in Dublin, 1997. It is aimed at those interested in, or studying ecclesiastical history.
Homosexuality is anathema to Islam – or so the majority of both believers and non-believers suppose. Throughout the Muslim world, it is met with hostility, where state punishments range from hefty fines to the death penalty. Likewise, numerous scholars and commentators maintain that the Qur’an and Hadith rule unambiguously against same-sex relations. This pioneering study argues that there is far more nuance to the matter than most believe. In its narrative of Lot, the Qur’an could be interpreted as condemning lust rather homosexuality. While some Hadith are fiercely critical of homosexuality, some are far more equivocal. One even appears to actively endorse love between men. This is the first book length treatment to offer a detailed analysis of how Islamic scripture, jurisprudence, and Hadith, can not only accommodate a sexually sensitive Islam, but actively endorse it. Scott Kugle is the first Muslim to publish widely on the issue of homosexuality and Islam. An independent research scholar in Islamic studies, he has previously held positions at Duke University, the University of Cape Town, and Swarthmore College.
Lists more than fifty-four hundred reports, books, letters, diaries and other written materials offering diverse views on such social issues as military draft, drug use, and gun control