Late Cenozoic Environments and Hominid Evolution

Late Cenozoic Environments and Hominid Evolution Author : Geological Society of London
Release : 1999
Publisher : Geological Society of London
ISBN : 9781862390362
File Size : 36.2 MB
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The influence of Bill Bishop is reflected throughout this volume, even though his sudden death stopped a brilliant research career in full flow. Most of the authors are connected with Bill as research collaborators and students, or as the next generation of students of these supervisors. The volume begins with an appreciation of Bill's life and work; the research contributions that then follow are arranged in three thematic sections, each with a scene-setting editorial overview: Part 1. Early Miocene of Uganda, including the first full account and discussion of the recently discovered oldest known hominoid Morotopithecus bishopi. Part 2. Middle Miocene to Pleistocene of the Tugen Hills, Kenya, a comprehensive account of the hominids and their environmental context from members of the Baringo Basin Project. Part 3. Quaternary Environments, with particular emphases on the English Midlands, western Scotland and southern Africa. Throughout this commemorative volume, the determination of editors and authors to place the results of specialist research into their environmental context is perhaps the clearest indication of the visionary influence of Bill Bishop.

Phosphate Deposits of the World: Volume 3, Neogene to Modern Phosphorites

Phosphate Deposits of the World: Volume 3, Neogene to Modern Phosphorites Author : P. J. Cook
Release : 1986
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
ISBN : 9780521333702
File Size : 86.30 MB
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The origin of marine phosphorites, the principal raw material for phosphatic fertilizers, appears to be related mainly to marine biological productivity, often associated with upwelling currents during certain intervals of geological time. This book examines the environmental setting and resulting phosphorites which formed during the Miocene period, and investigations of modern oceanic environments where phosphorites are presently forming are also described.

Generation, Accumulation and Production of Europe’s Hydrocarbons III

Generation, Accumulation and Production of Europe’s Hydrocarbons III Author : Anthony M. Spencer
Release : 2012-12-06
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN : 3642778593
File Size : 67.6 MB
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The 30 contributions of this volume cover the main European regions for oil and gas exploration: the North Sea and adjacent areas, the central and eastern Mediterranean including offshore Albania, central and eastern Europe including Poland, Hungary, the Russian platform and offshore Bulgaria. Main topics are investigations to sequence stratigraphy, 3D-quantitative restoration and balanced structural sections, using the LOCACE equipment. Additional studies deal with a Monte Carlo method for generating models of porosity and permeability, with facies characterization using wireline logs or with petrographic applications of image analysis. As further reading this volume is of significant interest for researchers in oil and gas industries but also for scientists at universities.

Hominoid Evolution and Climatic Change in Europe: Volume 2

Hominoid Evolution and Climatic Change in Europe: Volume 2 Author : Louis de Bonis
Release : 2001-05-03
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
ISBN : 9780521660754
File Size : 24.84 MB
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What is the place of Europe in the origin of humankind? While our earliest human ancestors may have come out of Africa, many of our more recent ancestors and those of other primates left their fossil remains in Europe and the Near East. Hominoid primates including Dryopithecus in Spain and Hungary, Oreopithecus in Italy, and Ouranopithecus in Greece flourished in the Miocene, approximately 10-7 million years ago. This volume examines these and other hominoid fossils found in Eurasia and discusses what we can learn using biostratigraphic and ecological frameworks. In addition, new methods of analyzing and visualizing fossil hominoids are explored, including CT-based and computer-assisted virtual reconstruction of fossils to allow three-dimensional images of external and internal morphology of even fragmentary or distorted fossils. This volume will be invaluable for practicing palaeoanthropologists and palaeontologists regardless of specialty.

Evolution and Hydrocarbon Potential of the Queen Charlotte Basin, British Columbia

Evolution and Hydrocarbon Potential of the Queen Charlotte Basin, British Columbia Author : Geological Survey of Canada
Release : 1991
Publisher : Geological Survey of Canada
ISBN :
File Size : 32.60 MB
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Topics : 1) Basin structure and evolution; 2) Basin (bio)stratigraphy; 3) Basin maturation and thermal history; 4) Hazards and environmental studies; 5) Databases - includes Annotated bibliography of geoscience studies of the Queen Charlotte Islands and Queen Charlotte basin, British Columbia.

Effects of Past Global Change on Life

Effects of Past Global Change on Life Author : Panel on Effects of Past Global Change on Life
Release : 1995-01-15
Publisher : National Academies Press
ISBN : 0309552613
File Size : 52.26 MB
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What can we expect as global change progresses? Will there be thresholds that trigger sudden shifts in environmental conditions--or that cause catastrophic destruction of life? Effects of Past Global Change on Life explores what earth scientists are learning about the impact of large-scale environmental changes on ancient life--and how these findings may help us resolve today's environmental controversies. Leading authorities discuss historical climate trends and what can be learned from the mass extinctions and other critical periods about the rise and fall of plant and animal species in response to global change. The volume develops a picture of how environmental change has closed some evolutionary doors while opening others--including profound effects on the early members of the human family. An expert panel offers specific recommendations on expanding research and improving investigative tools--and targets historical periods and geological and biological patterns with the most promise of shedding light on future developments. This readable and informative book will be of special interest to professionals in the earth sciences and the environmental community as well as concerned policymakers.

Effects of Past Global Change on Life

Effects of Past Global Change on Life Author : National Research Council
Release : 1995-01-01
Publisher : National Academies Press
ISBN : 9780309176811
File Size : 60.7 MB
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What can we expect as global change progresses? Will there be thresholds that trigger sudden shifts in environmental conditions--or that cause catastrophic destruction of life? Effects of Past Global Change on Life explores what earth scientists are learning about the impact of large-scale environmental changes on ancient life--and how these findings may help us resolve today's environmental controversies. Leading authorities discuss historical climate trends and what can be learned from the mass extinctions and other critical periods about the rise and fall of plant and animal species in response to global change. The volume develops a picture of how environmental change has closed some evolutionary doors while opening others--including profound effects on the early members of the human family. An expert panel offers specific recommendations on expanding research and improving investigative tools--and targets historical periods and geological and biological patterns with the most promise of shedding light on future developments. This readable and informative book will be of special interest to professionals in the earth sciences and the environmental community as well as concerned policymakers.

The Trace-Fossil Record of Major Evolutionary Events

The Trace-Fossil Record of Major Evolutionary Events Author : M. Gabriela Mángano
Release : 2016-11-17
Publisher : Springer
ISBN : 9401795975
File Size : 72.83 MB
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This volume addresses major evolutionary changes that took place during the Mesozoic and the Cenozoic. These include discussions on major evolutionary radiations and ecological innovations on land and at sea, such as the Mesozoic marine revolution, the Mesozoic radiation of vertebrates, the Mesozoic lacustrine revolution, the Cenozoic radiation of mammals, the evolution of paleosol biotas, and the evolution of hominins. The roles of mass extinctions at the end of the Triassic and at the end of the Cretaceous are assessed. This volume set provides innovative reviews of the major evolutionary events in the history of life from an ichnologic perspective. Because the long temporal range of trace fossils has been commonly emphasized, biogenic structures have been traditionally overlooked in macroevolution. However, comparisons of ichnofaunas through geologic time do reveal the changing ecology of organism-substrate interactions. The use of trace fossils in evolutionary paleoecology represents a new trend that is opening a window for our understanding of major evolutionary radiations and mass extinctions. Trace fossils provide crucial evidence for the recognition of spatial and temporal patterns and processes associated with paleoecologic breakthroughs.

Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology

Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology Author :
Release : 2002
Publisher :
ISBN :
File Size : 62.53 MB
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Climate Change in Human History

Climate Change in Human History Author : Benjamin Lieberman
Release : 2021-12-02
Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN : 1350170364
File Size : 83.59 MB
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Climate Change and Human History provides a concise introduction to the relationship between human beings and climate change throughout history. Starting hundreds of thousands of years ago and going up to the present day, this book illustrates how natural climate variability affected early human societies and how human activity is now leading to drastic changes to our climate. Taking a chronological approach the authors explain how climate change created opportunities and challenges for human societies in each major time period, covering themes such as phases of climate and history, climate shocks, the rise and fall of civilizations, industrialization, accelerating climate change and our future outlook. This 2nd edition includes a new chapter on the explosion of social movements, protest groups and key individuals since 2017 and the implications this has had on the history of climate change, an improved introduction to the Anthropocene and extra content on the basic dynamics of the climate system alongside updated historiography. With more case studies, images and individuals throughout the text, the second edition also includes a glossary of terms and further reading to aid students in understanding this interdisciplinary subject. An ideal companion for all students of environmental history, Climate Change and Human History clearly demonstrates the critical role of climate in shaping human history and of the experience of humans in both adapting to and shaping climate change.

Geodynamics of Rifting

Geodynamics of Rifting Author : P.A. Ziegler
Release : 2015-12-04
Publisher : Elsevier
ISBN : 1483295087
File Size : 32.47 MB
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This volume contains papers giving an interdisciplinary review of 12 major rift systems from North and South America, Africa, Europe and Asia. These papers are written by an international group of academic and industrial specialists each of whom is most knowledgeable about the respective rift. The analyzed rifts were selected on the basis of availability of an as-complete-as-possible geological and geophysical data base. Thirteen papers deal with geodynamic processes governing the evolution of rifts. A comprehensive digest of the available stratigraphic, structural, geophysical and petrological data, together with an extensive list of references, is provided for each of the analyzed rift systems. The megatectonic setting and dynamics of evolution of each basin is discussed. Geodynamic models are tested against the record of the analyzed rifts. The question of "active" as against "passive" rifting is addressed. The rifts analyzed range in age from Precambrian to Recent and cover a wide spectrum of megatectonic settings. There is discussion of the evolution of rifts in a plate-tectonic frame. The case histories are followed by discussions addressing the global setting of rifts and geodynamic processes active during the development of rifted basins.

Early Flowers and Angiosperm Evolution

Early Flowers and Angiosperm Evolution Author : Else Marie Friis
Release : 2011-08-18
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
ISBN : 1139496387
File Size : 90.66 MB
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The recent discovery of diverse fossil flowers and floral organs in Cretaceous strata has revealed astonishing details about the structural and systematic diversity of early angiosperms. Exploring the rich fossil record that has accumulated over the last three decades, this is a unique study of the evolutionary history of flowering plants from their earliest phases in obscurity to their dominance in modern vegetation. The discussion provides comprehensive biological and geological background information, before moving on to summarise the fossil record in detail. Including previously unpublished results based on research into Early and Late Cretaceous fossil floras from Europe and North America, the authors draw on direct palaeontological evidence of the pattern of angiosperm evolution through time. Synthesising palaeobotanical data with information from living plants, this unique book explores the latest research in the field, highlighting connections with phylogenetic systematics, structure and the biology of extant angiosperms.

Science and Earth History

Science and Earth History Author : Arthur Newell Strahler
Release : 1999
Publisher :
ISBN :
File Size : 22.70 MB
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In this comprehensive treatment of the ongoing conflict between creationists and evolutionary scientists, well-known geomorphologist Arthur Strahler carefully examines creationists' claims of scientific evidence for the six-day divine creation of the universe, followed by the catastrophic flood of Noah, as claimed in Genesis. The creationists' arguments are examined and evaluated against the findings of mainstream science in the fields of cosmology, astronomy, geophysics, geology, paleontology, and evolutionary biology.Updated with a new preface and responses to recent attacks on evolutionary theory, Science and Earth History can serve as both a popular overview of earth history and as a scholarly anecdote to the fictions of creationism once again finding their way into classrooms and universities. Strahler illuminates the controversy by reviewing the philosophy, methodology, and sociology of empirical science, as contrasted with the belief systems of religion and pseudoscience. The author also includes lucid criteria for distinguishing science from pseudoscience, and reviews the great discoveries and developments in science that point to the evolution of life over the earth's three-billion-year history.Arthur Strahler was professor and chairman of geomorphology at the Department of Geology of Columbia University.

Journal of Conchology

Journal of Conchology Author :
Release : 2006
Publisher :
ISBN :
File Size : 35.77 MB
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Includes the Society's Proceedings, June 1879- .

Alluvial Sedimentation

Alluvial Sedimentation Author : M. Marzo
Release : 2009-04-15
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
ISBN : 1444304003
File Size : 65.91 MB
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Most of the thirty-four papers contained in this Special Publication arise from the Fourth International Conference on Fluvial Sedimentology held in Spain in 1989. Sections deal with various aspects of sediment transport and hydraulics in flume experiments and modern rivers, the analysis of alluvial facies, geomorphic and structural controls on alluvial sedimentation, alluvial stratigraphy and basin analysis, and finally the exploration and exploitation of ores. A professional reference to the most recent research in fluvial sedimentology. An international expert authorship.