Backpacker Tourism and Economic Development

Backpacker Tourism and Economic Development Author : Mark P. Hampton
Release : 2013-07-18
Publisher : Routledge
ISBN : 1135933014
File Size : 52.76 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 140
Read : 657

There has been a phenomenal growth of backpacker tourism from the overland routes to India in the 1960s, to present-day backpacker tourism across the less developed world. As a result there has been significant economic development impacts of backpacker tourism upon local communities especially in areas with the largest concentrations of backpackers (South and South-East Asia particularly Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia and India), as well as increasingly in Latin America. This volume provides a focused review of the economic development impacts of backpacker tourism in developing regions furthering knowledge on how backpacker tourism can play a crucial role in development strategies in these areas. First, it reviews the origins of the backpackers with a detailed examination of their "hippy" predecessors on the overland trail, before discussing the emergence of modern backpackers including social and cultural aspects, and how new technologies are changing their experience. It then analyses the powerful economic development impacts of backpackers on local host communities in cities and rural areas with a special focus on coastal destinations. Extensive case study material is used from backpacker destinations across Asia, Latin America and Africa. In doing so the book provides original insights into how backpacker tourism is highly significant for poverty alleviation and effective local development since it has strong linkages to the local economy, and less economic leakage than conventional tourism. Written by a leading academic in this area, this volume will be of interest to students of Tourism and Development Studies.

Local Economic Development Impacts of International Backpacker Tourism to Third World Destinations

Local Economic Development Impacts of International Backpacker Tourism to Third World Destinations Author : Till Albrecht Müller
Release : 2011-03-28
Publisher : diplom.de
ISBN : 3842812841
File Size : 72.19 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 936
Read : 975

Inhaltsangabe:Introduction: In the past two decades backpacker tourism has grown vastly throughout both developed and developing world. Particularly to south and Southeast Asian countries the phenomenon of backpacking is not new, so to India, where it dates back to the 60 s and 70 s hippy drifters, to which backpacking is often associated. It has been since the publication of the Lonely Planet s Yellow Bible ( Southeast Asia on a Shoestring ) in 1975 that backpacking has gradually emerged as a mass travel style. Today popular travel-yourself literature cover almost every corner of the globe, serving a steady demand for off the beaten path travel. Thereby to backpackers the developmental background of a destination plays a lesser role than to the mainstream tourist, who is demanding certain infrastructural arrangements. As a result backpackers are found in utmost remote and low developed locations that other tourists never reach. Thus backpacker enclaves have emerged in many places throughout the world, and not without effects on their hosting environments. While social impacts often carry negative connotations, hosting communities do usually appreciate backpackers for their economic contributions. Objectives and Scope of this paper: In recent years backpacker tourism has profoundly been studied in developed contexts, particularly Australia and New Zealand are to be seen the pioneering regions of independent travel research, having undertaken strenuous efforts to study the same within the past two decades. As a consequence both destinations have recognized the economic value of low budget travel to their countries and established backpacker tourism as high yielding segments within their national tourism markets. In both countries backpacking has since undergone shift from de-marketing to a marketing label. Though in recent years international research has made numerous successful attempts to study backpacker tourism in less developed contexts, many tourism officials in third world destinations as yet refuse to accept the economic reach coming along with low-budget travel. Instead a majority of administrative instances promote upscale- and regulated forms of tourism to be the way forward, neglecting any concerns with regard to necessary infrastructure or initial investments. Though only a fraction of developing nations do actively restrict independent travel to their territories (e.g. Maldives, Bhutan), a majority at best tacitly ignores the [...]

Backpacker Tourism and Economic Development

Backpacker Tourism and Economic Development Author : Mark P. Hampton
Release : 2013-07-18
Publisher : Routledge
ISBN : 1135933081
File Size : 90.87 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 422
Read : 361

There has been a phenomenal growth of backpacker tourism from the overland routes to India in the 1960s, to present-day backpacker tourism across the less developed world. As a result there has been significant economic development impacts of backpacker tourism upon local communities especially in areas with the largest concentrations of backpackers (South and South-East Asia particularly Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia and India), as well as increasingly in Latin America. This volume provides a focused review of the economic development impacts of backpacker tourism in developing regions furthering knowledge on how backpacker tourism can play a crucial role in development strategies in these areas. First, it reviews the origins of the backpackers with a detailed examination of their "hippy" predecessors on the overland trail, before discussing the emergence of modern backpackers including social and cultural aspects, and how new technologies are changing their experience. It then analyses the powerful economic development impacts of backpackers on local host communities in cities and rural areas with a special focus on coastal destinations. Extensive case study material is used from backpacker destinations across Asia, Latin America and Africa. In doing so the book provides original insights into how backpacker tourism is highly significant for poverty alleviation and effective local development since it has strong linkages to the local economy, and less economic leakage than conventional tourism. Written by a leading academic in this area, this volume will be of interest to students of Tourism and Development Studies.

Local Economic Development in the Changing World

Local Economic Development in the Changing World Author : Christian Rogerson
Release : 2018-01-16
Publisher : Routledge
ISBN : 1351322583
File Size : 53.91 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 207
Read : 471

Over the last two decades the concept and practice of Local Economic Development (LED) has gained widespread acceptance around the world as a locally-based response to the challenges posed by globalization, devolution, local-level opportunities, and economic crises. Support for local economic development is now firmly on the agenda of many national governments and key international agencies. This volume examines the debates about Local Economic Development and examines some of the unfolding experiences of LED in the developing world. The focus is upon the region of southern Africa, and more especially upon post-apartheid South Africa. LED emerged in South Africa as one of the more significant post-apartheid development options being pursued by empowered localities with the overt encouragement of national government. Elsewhere in the developing world, much interest surrounds the experience of LED in post-apartheid South Africa, which is seen as a laboratory for experimentation, innovation, and learning. The seventeen chapters in this book examine the range of LED interventions that have been the basis for experimentation in the last decade, including both pro-market as well as pro-poor interventions. Key themes include debates about the most appropriate policy directions for LED, its contribution towards sustainable development, the role of social capital, cluster support, public procurement, eco-development, good governance and tourism-led LED. The book also contains a series of detailed case studies on the implementation of LED in South Africa and the wider region of southern Africa, including analyses of LED undertaken at a variety of scales from the provincial, metropolitan, and small-town level. Until now, most research on local economic development has focused on the developed world. This volume breaks new ground in applying LED policy and practices to problems specific to the developing world. It will be of interest to scholars of development studies, urban and regional planning, human geography, and urban studies.

Promoting Sustainable Tourism in the Backpacker Community

Promoting Sustainable Tourism in the Backpacker Community Author : Truc Ho
Release : 2016
Publisher :
ISBN :
File Size : 64.82 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 168
Read : 1204

This study aimed to explore the relationship between international backpackers and local communities in the developing world. By investigating the role of technology design in a backpacking trip, this research analyzed the potential to improve sustainable tourism for both international backpackers and local communities. The idea of achieving sustainability in this research is to assess both economic and cultural impact through the assistance of technology. This study originates from a grounded theory approach triangulated from literature reviews and the researchers observations. The research tested the suitability of this theory by using qualitative research methods, then analyzed the appropriateness of its applicability. The findings suggested some useful standards for proposing design solutions to enhance sustainable tourism within the backpacker segment.

Backpacker Tourism

Backpacker Tourism Author : Dr. Kevin Hannam
Release : 2007-11-12
Publisher : Channel View Publications
ISBN : 9781845413088
File Size : 63.60 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 733
Read : 1039

The search for new tourism experiences as well as changes in the tourism industry itself has led to new forms of individualised travel and consequentially new forms of backpacker tourism. This volume provides an up to date examination of the behaviour, attitudes and motivations of backpacker tourists as well as the growth of the infrastructure behind backpacker tourism phenomenon throughout the world. Drawing upon insights from geography, sociology, anthropology, management and marketing, Backpacker Tourism provides theoretically informed case studies of individual destinations of backpackers. This book will be of interest to students and researchers of backpacker tourism as well as those involved in the backpacker tourism industry itself.

Beyond Backpacker Tourism

Beyond Backpacker Tourism Author : Kevin Hannam
Release : 2010
Publisher : Channel View Publications
ISBN : 1845411307
File Size : 28.99 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 697
Read : 210

Building on previous work on backpacking, this book takes the analysis of backpacker tourism further by engaging both with new theoretical debates into tourism experiences and mobilities as well as with new empirical phenomena such as the rise of the 'flashpacker' and alternative destinations.

Sustainable Development and Planning VIII

Sustainable Development and Planning VIII Author : C.A. Brebbia
Release : 2017-01-30
Publisher : WIT Press
ISBN : 1784661538
File Size : 77.82 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 658
Read : 1188

The 8th International Conference on Sustainable Development and Planning is part of a series of biennial conferences on the topic of sustainable regional development which began in Greece in 2003. The papers included in these proceedings report on the latest advances from scientists specialising in the range of subjects included within sustainable development and planning. Planners, environmentalists, architects, engineers, policy makers and economists have to work together in order to ensure that planning and development can meet our present needs without compromising the ability of future generations. The use of modern technologies in planning gives us new potential to monitor and prevent environmental degradation. Problems related to development and planning, which affect both rural and urban areas, are present in all regions of the world and accelerated urbanisation has resulted in both the deterioration of the environment and quality of life. Urban development can also intensify problems faced by rural areas such as forests, mountain regions and coastal areas, which urgently require solutions in order to avoid irreversible damage. The papers in the book cover the following topics: City planning; Regional planning; Rural developments; Sustainability and the built environment; Sustainability indicators; Policies and planning; Environmental planning and management; Energy resources; Cultural heritage; Quality of life; Community planning and resilience; Sustainable solutions in emerging countries; Sustainable tourism; Learning from nature; Transportation Social and political issues and Community planning.

Tourism Planning and Development

Tourism Planning and Development Author : Jarkko Saarinen
Release : 2019-09-19
Publisher : Routledge
ISBN : 1351536028
File Size : 53.88 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 320
Read : 1295

Academically complex and challenging to apply, development and planning are increasingly relevant to the growing tourism industry. This collection contains critical studies on tourism development and planning, and calls for proactive, holistic and responsible thinking. It addresses conceptual and contemporary issues in development and planning research including political trust, innovation networks, sustainability, moral encounters, enclavisation and evolutionary economics. It argues that recognition of the contextual and historical dimensions around tourism development and planning is essential to help both researchers and practitioners better understand destination and place-based decision-making. In addition, it will lead to improvements in stakeholder relations, and explains how tourism best works with localities and localities with tourism. This book was originally published as a special issue of Tourism Geographies.

Constructing Cultural Tourism

Constructing Cultural Tourism Author : Prof. Keith Hanley
Release : 2010-11-15
Publisher : Channel View Publications
ISBN : 9781845412067
File Size : 31.26 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 327
Read : 1258

This book is an interdisciplinary collaboration between a literary critic and cultural historian, which examines and recovers a radical and still urgent challenge to the industrialisation of cultural tourism from the work of John Ruskin. Ruskin exerted a formative influence on the definition and development of cultural tourism which was probably as significant as that, for example, of his contemporary Thomas Cook. The book assesses Ruskin’s overall influence on the development of national and international tourism in the context of pre-existing expectations about tourism flows and cultural capital and alongside parallel and intersecting trends of the time; examines Ruskin’s contribution to the tourist agenda at all social levels; and discusses Ruskin’s significance for current debates in tourism studies, especially questions of the place of the ‘canon’ of traditional European cultural tourism in a post-modern tourist setting, and the various incarnations of ‘heritage tourism’.

Tourism for Development

Tourism for Development Author : Regina Scheyvens
Release : 2002
Publisher : Pearson Education
ISBN : 9780130264381
File Size : 74.40 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 349
Read : 1309

Dealing with tourism in the developing world, this book provides a contemporary analysis of the potential for tourism to work as a strategy for development. Tourism continues to develop rapidly in the Third World, and with it an increasing awareness of the impacts and dilemmas faced by the destination countries. Tourism for Development analyses key theories and debates surrounding tourism development in a user friendly style aimed primarily at under graduate students following Geography and Tourism Studies/Management courses. The book focuses on the positive, highlighting tourism practices which may offer a way forward in terms of promoting appropriate development in the Third World. The book is another strong addition to the successful Themes in Tourism series and will be equally useful to both tourism and geography students in a range of topics, including Development Studies, Planning and Resource Management.

European Journal of Tourism Research

European Journal of Tourism Research Author :
Release : 2017-06-01
Publisher : Varna University of Management
ISBN :
File Size : 23.97 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 147
Read : 386

The European Journal of Tourism Research is an interdisciplinary scientific journal in the field of tourism, published by Varna University of Management, Bulgaria. Its aim is to provide a platform for discussion of theoretical and empirical problems in tourism. Publications from all fields, connected with tourism such as management, marketing, sociology, psychology, geography, political sciences, mathematics, statistics, anthropology, culture, information technologies and others are invited. The journal is open to all researchers. Young researchers and authors from Central and Eastern Europe are encouraged to submit their contributions. Regular Articles in the European Journal of Tourism Research should normally be between 4 000 and 20 000 words. Major research articles of between 10 000 and 20 000 are highly welcome. Longer or shorter papers will also be considered. The journal publishes also Research Notes of 1 500 – 2 000 words. Submitted papers must combine theoretical concepts with practical applications or empirical testing. The European Journal of Tourism Research includes also the following sections: Book Reviews, announcements for Conferences and Seminars, abstracts of successfully defended Doctoral Dissertations in Tourism, case studies of Tourism Best Practices. The European Journal of Tourism Research is published in three Volumes per year. The full text of the European Journal of Tourism Research is available in the following databases: EBSCO Hospitality and Tourism CompleteCABI Leisure, Recreation and TourismProQuest Research Library Individual articles can be rented via journal's page at DeepDyve. The journal is indexed in Scopus and Thomson Reuters' Emerging Sources Citation Index. The editorial team welcomes your submissions to the European Journal of Tourism Research.

Understanding Tropical Coastal and Island Tourism Development

Understanding Tropical Coastal and Island Tourism Development Author : Klaus Meyer-Arendt
Release : 2016-03-17
Publisher : Routledge
ISBN : 1317645588
File Size : 66.20 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 723
Read : 859

This volume contains a collection of articles that include both case studies and theoretical insights applicable to the tourism development challenges of tropical coastal and island destinations throughout the world. Topics include the shortcoming of (eco)tourism in Madagascar, collaboration theory and successful multi-stakeholder partnerships on Indonesian resort islands, resilience theory and development pressures on a Malaysian island, results and implications of a detailed survey of cruise passengers in Colombia, perceptions of underdevelopment as limiting factors in Costa Rica, and conflicts of perception and reality through the literary myths of Pitcairn Island. This book was published as a special issue of Tourism Geographies.

The Encyclopedia of Sustainable Tourism

The Encyclopedia of Sustainable Tourism Author : Carl I Cater
Release : 2015-10-01
Publisher : CABI
ISBN : 1780641435
File Size : 62.45 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 383
Read : 582

Tourism is the world’s fastest growing industry, and impacts globally upon ecology, economies, peoples, cultures and the built environment. Development, therefore, must be sustainable and sympathetic in order to preserve the environment and culture it exploits. Despite sustainable tourism being an area of considerable recent interest, there has been no synthesis of the diverse considerations of sustainable tourism, and the language and terms particular to this subject. An important resource for researchers of tourism, this reference work defines and explains terms associated with considering and preserving the environment, host peoples, communities, cultures, customs, lifestyles and social and economic systems.

Tourism Development Revisited

Tourism Development Revisited Author : Sutheeshna S Babu
Release : 2008-07-09
Publisher : SAGE Publications India
ISBN : 8132100050
File Size : 30.32 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 869
Read : 1103

The global tourism industry is a growing, dynamic mega industry, despite the temporary setbacks it has faced from time to time due to political and natural elements. This book approaches tourism development through a critical prism. The collection of articles by leading experts in international tourism relooks at the complex phenomenon of tourism development within a multi-disciplinary framework. Replete with interesting case studies and tourism statistics, it re-examines and re-interprets prevailing dominant paradigms in the subject, leading to new insights and perspectives. Tourism Development Revisited: Concepts, Issues and Paradigms, in addition to discussing the concepts, scope and nature of the tourism business, also includes a diverse commentary on: - The development of tourism in the 21st century; - Emerging models in international tourism; - Challenges faced in emerging markets of East Europe, India and China; - Impact of the Internet and online markets on the travel industry; - Changing human resource practices and contributions by the informal sector; - The importance of tourism as a source of economic development; - The dynamics of the global tourist and corporate traveler; - Ecotourism, exotic destinations and experiential tourism; and - Fundamental issues in leisure, recreation and tourism. The contributors of all the 22 chapters have explored their respective topics beyond the expected realms. They deal with the conceptual and paradigmatic evolution of tourism as a socio-economic phenomenon and an industry, contradictions in its development process, tourism in the developing world including the fast growing Chinese and Indian economies, new tourism products, and their development and management. The book will hold tremendous appeal for students, researchers, academicians, policy makers and professionals in this field.

Tourism in Brazil

Tourism in Brazil Author : Guilherme Lohmann Palhares
Release : 2012
Publisher : Routledge
ISBN : 0415674328
File Size : 82.63 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 958
Read : 339

Since the 1990s, tourism has become a major driver of economic activity and community development in Brazil. New policies and approaches, growing expertise and investment in tourism have brought significant transformation in tourism products, destination development and community involvement. In addition Brazil will be hosting two major sport events in the years ahead, i.e. the Soccer World Cup, in 2014, and the Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro, in 2016. Brazil offers many cultural and natural attractions but, similar to many other developing countries, it still struggles with issues such as infrastructure, accessibility, product development, service quality, market access and workforce training. This book provides an in-depth examination of tourism in Brazil, critically reviewing its development and management. The social, economic, political and environmental contexts of this emerging global power provide an intriguing backdrop. The book considers important development issues such as the changing policy context, community benefit tourism and indigenous tourism. It explores the impacts of tourism on the environment, changing community attitudes towards tourism, transport infrastructure and sustainability issues in events. Particular segments are explored including backpacker tourism, sensual tourism, adventure tourism and ecotourism and the implications for tourism research and education are examined. The book draws from theoretical foundations and practical insights, and gives voice to Brazilian researchers who are actively engaged in researching tourism. Drawing from cutting edge cross-cultural research, this original and timely book will be of interest to students, researchers and academics in the areas of Tourism, Geography and related disciplines.

Learning by Going: Transformative Learning through Long-term Independent Travel

Learning by Going: Transformative Learning through Long-term Independent Travel Author : Birgit Phillips
Release : 2019-03-12
Publisher : Springer
ISBN : 3658257733
File Size : 36.24 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 615
Read : 405

Birgit Phillips explores the concept of transformative travel as it pertains to long-term independent travelers and offers a broad philosophical understanding of the complex socio-cultural processes involved in identity negotiation. She examines both the elements that contribute to the transformation of values and identities and the mechanisms by which this transformation occurs. By deploying a pluralistic, reflexive, interpretive research approach, Phillips foregrounds the personal experiences of the individual study participants and the meanings they attach to their travel experiences. In addition, since the study spanned over 14 years, the author is able to provide a wide-ranging picture of the complete travel experience, from initial motivations to post-travel reintegration as well as the long-term effects on traveler values and identities.

Tourism, Development and Terrorism in Bali

Tourism, Development and Terrorism in Bali Author : Mr I Nyoman Darma Putra
Release : 2012-11-28
Publisher : Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN : 1409487288
File Size : 65.50 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 838
Read : 405

This book investigates tourism as a form of globalization within the context of the island of Bali, which has been voted the world's top island destination for the third time running by American travellers. The volume covers the onset of the Asian Crisis, the largest stock-market crash since the Great Depression. The authors chart the turbulence that has afflicted the island at a time of market uncertainty and global political strife and analyze the responses of Bali's business and community leaders to the crises that have buffeted the island since the fall of Suharto. In particular, the book analyzes crisis management with regard to the Bali Bombings, the impact of the bombings on the tourism development cycle and investigates the motives of the bombers. The authors argue that the actions of the bombers can best be understood with regard to the rise of political Islam as a global issue and the book breaks new ground with an analysis of the bombers' global experiences. The book also examines home-grown resistance to certain aspects of globalization, notably the attempt to turn Besakih, the island's mother temple, into a World Heritage Site and top tourist destination.

Consumer Psychology of Tourism, Hospitality, and Leisure

Consumer Psychology of Tourism, Hospitality, and Leisure Author : Arch G. Woodside
Release : 2001
Publisher : CABI
ISBN : 9780851998961
File Size : 29.95 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 214
Read : 735

This book is based on papers given at the 2nd Symposium on Consumer Psychology of Tourism, Hospitality and Leisure (CPTHL) in Vienna in July 2000. The Symposium comprised papers reflecting the progress in consumer psychology theory and research. The Vienna Symposium put special emphasis on consumer decision making for evaluating choice alternatives in tourism, leisure, and hospitality operations. The reports have been arranged into five major compartments.